Together with corn, finger millet is used in Kenya to brew opaque beers. belongs to family Poaceae. Several small grain cereals are all known by the name “Millet” but are actually different crop species. French and English: from a pet form of the personal name Miles. Finger millet is a robust, tufted, tillering annual grass and the inflorescence is a panicle with 4-19 finger-like spikes that resembles a fist when mature, hence it is named as finger millet. It is widely cultivated in tropical Asia and East Africa and on the rainy slopes of the Himalayas up to 2300 m elevation. When compared to other cereal grains, millets do not ask much from the soil, are rain fed, and are not susceptible to pests either in the field or during storage. Millet grains have been discovered in pots used for storing grans and seeds discovered at archaeological sites in present day China, India, Europe and different parts of Africa. Table 5. Finger millet may also be known as ragi, African millet, or by its technical name of eleusine caracana. Finger-millet in India 6 Map 3. The crop is grown mainly by subsis- In India, some millet or the other continues to be a significant (but fast eroding) part of adivasi / tribal communities’ diets in different parts of the subcontinent. Origin. 1 Scope. is an important subsistence cereal in parts of Africa and south Asia. This East African Standard specifies the requirements and methods of sampling and test for finger millet grains of varieties (cultivars) grown from Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertner intended for human consumption, i.e., ready for its intended use as human food, presented in packaged form or sold loose from the package directly to the consumer. Scientific   Eleusine coracanaEnglish   African millet   Finger millet   Koracan   RagiDutch   VingergierstFrench   Coracan   Éleusine   Eleusine cultivee   KoracanGerman   Fingerhirse, Genus   EleusineFamily   PoaceaeOrder   Poales. Millets have been a good part of the staple diet among many communities across the world. The crop is favored due to its productivity and short growing season under dry, high-temperature conditions. One finds many millet preparations in traditional cuisines surviving to this day in different parts of India, China, Japan, Korea, Russia, Turkey, Russia, Ethiopia, etc. India leads as the largest producer of finger millet in the world. Finger millet usually is between 40 and 100 cm high. Finger millet (Eleusine corocana subsp. Finger millet is a cereal grown mainly in drier regions of Africa and Asia. Considering how likely it would be that early humans would be able to access dry, rain fed lands as compared to wetlands, it becomes apparent that millets would be the go to grains to meet dietary needs. Usually harvested by hand. Domesticated finger millet was then also farmed in the lowlands of Africa. It is believed that Ethiopia or a neighboring region (Uganda) is the center of origin of finger millet, but in India, it was introduced probably over 3000 yr ago. This adaptation to short cultivation times is probably what made this the staple grain of nomadic communities across the Central Asia, spreading far as these tribes moved from place to place. Finger millet [Eleucine coracana(L.) Gaertn.] coracana, belongs to the family Poaceae, genus Eleusine in the tribe Eragrostideae. The species has two subspecies, africana (Kenn.-O’Byrne) K.W. … Native to Africa, finger millet is a grain that grows well in arid climates and high altitudes. and central Africa. With growing health consciousness, environmental concern, and the pressing need for updating our food systems to survive climate change, millets, probably the earliest of cereal grains that humans started domesticating, are making a comeback. Basic Species Information Finger millet is the common English name of the crop Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn., a domesticated cereal of African origin which spreads in prehistory to Asia, also sometimes referred to as korakan or ragi (a widespread local name in India) or dagusa (in Ethiopia). It is grown for hay in North America and western Europe, and it is an important food crop in China and other Asian countries. It is still a major crop among the Kuria, Ilchamus, West Pokot District, Tugen, and Marakwet. africana but questioned Eleusine indica as … Finger millet grains — Specification. Taiwanese names for finger-millet 8 MAPS Map 1. About the System of Finger Millet (Ragi) Intensification . Finger millet has an excellent food value as its seeds contain protein ranging from 7 to 14% and are particularly rich in methionine amino acid, iron, and calcium. The oldest record of finger millet comes from an archaeological site in Africa dating to the 8th century AD. Seeds are used to make flour which can be used to make bread, porridge or pancakes. Cultivated finger millet was domesticated about 5 000 years ago from the wild subspecies in the highlands that range from Ethiopia to Uganda. According to the US National Research Finger millet is an important staple food in parts of East and Central Africa, and India, particularly in Karnataka. Cereals Food crops Tropical crops Staple food Forage and fodder crops, Your email address will not be published. Indian and East Asian names for finger-millet 7 Table 8. Finger millet originates from east Africa, possibly Uganda or Ethiopia. Read full article By Yerroju Sridevi @ Pinnacle IHM Photo Credit: ICRISAT Finger millet popularly referred to as Ragi in Telugu, has taken its origin in Africa and later spread […] In some regions finger millet is used for human consumption as a staple food. Finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.) Required fields are marked *. Many of the minor millets are endangered, as they are getting depleted, and some of them have even totally been eliminated.” Each millet has an importance of its own. However, it was grown since ancient times as a traditional food for the Keiyo, Marakwet, West Pokot, Tugen, Giriama, Taveta, Teso, Luo, Luhya, Kisii, Kikuyu, Ilchamus, Embu, Taita, Kuria, and Kamba. Cultivated finger millet is highly variable within its primary centre of origin in Africa and secondary centre in Indian sub-continent. These samples were from two … The study supports the direct origin of finger millet from subspecies africana shows E. indica to be one of the genome donors of the crop, and demonstrates that none of the other species examined could have donated the second genome of the crop. The seeds can be stored for a long time. Over this range of distribution, eleusine displays high variability in vegetative, floral and seed morphology. Application of System of Rice Intensification concepts and methods to the growing of finger millet, known in much of India as ragi, was one of the first extensions of SRI thinking, starting in India, but then also undertaken in Ethiopia.Finger millet is a major cereal crop for the poor in both South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. Immature millet grains - why remove when processing? coracana (finger millet, eleusine) is widely distributed in Africa and India as a cereal. Finger millet (Eleusine coracana) is an important food grain in southern Asia and parts of Africa. It is a hardy crop that can be grown in very diverse environments from almost at sea level to about 2400 m.a.s.l. A brief history of millets Millet grains have been discovered in pots used for storing grans and seeds discovered at archaeological sites in present day China, India, Europe and different parts of Africa. Millets are indigenous to many parts of the world. The most widely grown millet is pearl millet, which is an important c However, in Africa, finger millet is second and represents 19% of millet … The reasons for its decline is its low yields compared to maizeand to the tedious nature of tradi… Finger Millet is probably of Indian or African origin. We find millets popping up in literature, sculptures, paintings,  folk songs and religious compositions from different times and geographies. Millets have been a good part of the staple diet among many communities across the world. Finger millet is cultivated in the drier areas of Africa and Asia, with highest production in India. Fruits, vegetables, cereals and other agricultural crops. The plant is native to Africa, Asia, Ethiopian and Ugandan highlands. Eleusine coracana ssp. Millets are a group of highly variable small-seeded grasses, widely grown around the world as cereal crops or grains for fodder and human food. 1eusine corocana . While pearl millet, sorghum, finger millet and foxtail millets come in the category of being the major millets, others such as sama, qodo, chinna etc., are considered minor millets. • A very important crop in Uganda, Nepal, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea and India. iv. Your email address will not be published. Finger millet roots in the Bantu-speaking area 4 Map 2. Finger millet is a traditional crop of many ethnic groups in Kenya, but "nowadays grown to a relatively smaller extent than before." It is believed that Ethiopia or a neighboring region (Uganda) is the center of origin of finger millet, but in India, it was introduced probably over 3000 yr ago. Place of Origin: India Classification : The genus Eleusine consists of eleven species. In some cases it may have been a nickname for someone suffering from a skin disease, with blisters resembling grains of millet. Compare the English term miliary fever. Ethiopian terms for finger-millet 5 Table 6. Finger millet is often grown intercropped with other plants such as peanut, cowpea, pigeon pea and Niger seeds. Finger millet originates from east Africa, possibly Uganda or Ethiopia. • Cultivated in 23 countries on 3.38 million ha producing 3.76 m t mainly in Africa and Asia. Until the large scale investments in paddy and wheat promotion through the green revolution, millets were the staple grains of large sections of the population that did not have access to assured irrigation for their lands. Finger millet grows well in semi-arid tropical climates and is also adapted to high altitude in mountainous regions. Distribution: Finger millet is cultivated in the drier areas of Africa and Asia, with highest production in India. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! ssp. The oldest evidence for finger millet dates to 3000 BC from what is now central Sudan where this grain was domesticated. Finger millet originated in East Africa (Ethiopian and Ugandan highlands) and came to India around 2000 BCE. Glycemic Index, Glycemic Load and the changes in blood sugar levels, Dehusking small millets - its what we retain that matters. Finger Millet is the main food grain for many peoples as it is higher in protein, fat and minerals than rice, corn or sorghum. The seeds are also used as animal fodder. West African terms for finger-millet 5 Table 7. Experts often refer to finger millet as a famine crop due to … It belongs to the Poaceae family, Chloridoideae sub-family The species has two subspecies; africana and coracana . is a small cereal grain grown in the semi-arid sub- tropical and tropical regions of Africa and Asia where it is one of the cereal staples (ICRISAT/FAO 1996, Obilana and Manyasa 2002). is an important cereal food crop in Africa and South Asia. Finger millet commonly known as ragi and mandua in India is one of the minor cereals a native of Ethiopia, but grown extensively in various regions of India and Africa, constitutes as a staple food that supply a major portion of calories and protein to large segments of the population in these countries especially for people of low income groups. features of the finger millet utricle in greater detai 1 than has previously been published. Finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.) Foxtail millet (Setaria italica) has small pointed seeds. coracana), an important cereal in East Africa and India, is a tetraploid species with unknown genomic components. Distribution of finger-millet in ISEA 8 Map 4. Finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.] It is an organization supporting players in the millet value chain seeking technical resources and promotional materials. Interesting crop characteristics of finger millet are the ability to withstand cultivation at altitudes over 2000 m above sea level, its high drought tolerance, and the long storage time of the grains. It is a tetraploid species with 2n=36, and self-pollinating. Although finger millet is one of the most ancient domesticated plants in Africa (Hilu, DeWet, and Harlan, 1979), its lack of genetic variability suggests an origin that is … The Millet Foundation is a public charitable trust registered in Bengaluru, India. Millets are extremely hardy crops with some, like Proso millet, needing just 70 days to be ready for harvest. Finger millet is often used for human consumption, sometimes as a staple food. It is ground to flour which can be used to prepare bread or porridge. Millets are important crops in the semiarid tropics of Asia and Africa, with 97% of millet production in developing countries. The plants produces clusters of 4 to 6 ears, which are 5 to 15 cm long. Finger millet [Eleusine coracana(L.) Gaertn. Uses. It is used for malting and brewing. It was claimed to have been found in an Indian archaeological site dated to 1800 BCE (Late Bronze Age); however, this was subsequently demonstrated to be incorrectly identified. Of these six are diploids and five are tetraploids. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. The crop is cultivated in diverse eco‐geographical areas. A recent cytogenetic study confirmed the direct origin of this millet from the tetraploid E. coracana subsp. is a cereal grass grown mostly for its grain, which is a staple food in many African and South Asian countries (for information concerning the feed uses of the grain, see the Finger millet, grain datasheet). Finger millet is the fourth millet in terms of worldwide production after sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) and foxtail millet (Setaria italica) (Upadhyaya et al., 2007). In fact, as we move forward in time, we see that as agricultural communities were able to avail of irrigation, more and more of them have lose out on their millet heritage. Finger millet is an important food crop grown in rain-fed uplands in the Dry zone and Intermediate zone of Sri Lanka. Seeds are also used as animal feed. Finger millet (2n = 4x = 36), subsp. ],a widely grown traditional and highly nutritious grain cereal cultivated in the semiarid areas of Eastern and Southern Africa and - Finger Millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.) • The finger millet strategy was initiated in December, 2009 and discussions took place with international, regional and national partners through email discussions … The crop is grown mainly by subsistence farmers and serves as a food security crop because of high nutritional value and … corocana) were obtained from the millet quality trials in Cinzana , Mali, in 1983. About finger millet • Finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.] Interesting crop characteristics of finger millet are the ability to withstand cultivation at altitudes over 2000 meters above sea level. Materia Is and Methods Samp 1 es - -T-hree 10 g samples finger millet (E . Bengaluru, India many parts of the staple diet among many communities across world! 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