Mule deer forage for a wide variety of plants that differ with geographical ranges and seasonally depending on what resources are available. The most noticeable differences between white-tailed and mule deer are the size of their ears, the color of their tails, and the configuration of their antlers. Whitetail deer facts that will tell you all about Bambi's species. Learn more. The lighter facial coloration makes the eye rings and muzzle markings seem less obvious. Mule deer are a large species of deer that live in North America. Deer digestive tracts differ from cattle and elk in that they have a smaller rumen in relation to their body size, so they must be more selective in their feeding. They have a brown coat in the summer and grayish coat in the winter in color, mule deer have a white rump patch and a small white tail with a black tip. mule deer The smaller coast, or black-tailed, deer ( O. hemionus columbianus ) is found along the Pacific coast from Alaska to northern California. Unlike the white-tailed deer, mule deer lives on land west of the Missouri River.They also live in the Rocky Mountains region of North America. Icon credits: DNA by LAFS from the Noun Project, Food Chain by James Keane from the Noun Project Plant pictures: Geranium by Ed Rich, Lupine by Madam … See More. There is a white patch on their rump and they have a small white tail tipped with black. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (55) What is the scientific name of a mule deer? The color of the mule deer’s coat changes with the seasons, from short, reddish-brown in the summer, to longer, grayish-tan in the winter months. Ensuring the conservation of mule deer, black-tailed deer and their habitat. Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) are easy to identify due to their large mule-like ears. We are simply the best place for Whitetail Deer, Elk, Mule Deer, Red Stag, Ram, Mouflon Rams, Axis Deer, Fallow Deer, Sika Deer, Black Buck and other challenging and exciting hunting experiences in Ohio; or anywhere else. Mule Deer – Odocoileus hemionus. Although this slows them down, it allows them to leave predators behind by quickly ascending steep slopes or jumping unpredictably over large obstacles. Dwinnell, S. P. H., H. Sawyer, J. E. Randall, J. L. Beck, J. S. Forbey, G. L. Fralick, and K. L. Monteith. Mule Deer Facts. It is named for its ears, which are large like those of the mule. The average lifespan for mule deer is from 8 to 10 years in the wild, while in captivity individuals may live up to 20 years. Their weight can be anywhere from 95 – 330lb, however the general average is around the 200lb mark. Mule deer have long ears that move independently and constantly, just like ears of mules. Fawns are born in late spring to mid-summer and are spotted at birth but loose their spots within a few months. Meanwhile, whitetail antlers only branch out from a singular beam. Whitetail Typical white-tailed deer antlers have several antler tines that arise singly off a main beam that sweeps outward and forward from the bases. Deer Facts. weight True or False: The record antler spread for mule deer is 47.5 inches. The identifying feature of white-tailed deer is their broad, white tail, especially visible when the tail stands up as the deer runs. They can weigh between 130-280 pounds. During summer, these deer are a tannish-brown color and in winter they are brownish-gray. Source: Pixabay. a.) Large bucks rarely exceed 95 kg (210 pounds); does weigh about a third less. Bucks weigh from 55 to 150 kg (121 to 331 lb), averaging around 92 kg (203 lb), while does weigh from 43 … It is the smallest member of the deer family in Utah. The mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) is a deer species native to western North America. Mule deer bucks, on the other hand, have antlers that grow outward and up with forked branches. Gestation period is about 200 days. Mule Deer Facts. They are generally considered browsers, eating twigs and other vegetative parts of woody plants, but they also eat different grasses. Learn more Throat, ramp and inner part of ears and legs are white. The male deer grow antlers during the summer and fall and shed them each spring. Bobcats, Canadian lynxes, wolverines, American black bears, and brown bears may prey upon adult deer, but most often only attack fawns or infirm specimens or eat the deer after it has died naturally. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Odocoileus hemionus. The rump patch may be white or yellow, while the throat patch is white. Bucks weigh from 55 to 150 kg (121 to 331 lb), averaging around 92 kg (203 lb), while does weigh from 43 to 90 kg (95 to 198 lb), averaging  around 68 kg (150 lb). VIEW ALL STUDIES > Research: our current projects. Fact Sheet #1 UNDERSTANDING MULE DEER AND ANTLER POINT RESTRICTIONS Fact Sheet #6 BACKGROUND Increasing the number of big-antlered bucks is typically the basis for hunter demands to implement antler point restrictions. Interesting Mule deer Facts: Mule deer can reach 4 1/2 to 7 feet in length and 130 to 280 pounds of weight. Life History. Shedding typically takes place in mid-February, with variations occurring by locale. In this new section of the Mule Deer Foundation Web site, we provide answers to some general questions about our species: Mule deer and black-tailed deer (collectively called mule deer, Odocoileus hemionus) are icons of the American West. However, there are two major differences between the mule deer vs whitetail. Mule deer is covered with coat that is light brown or reddish-brown during the summer and grey during the winter. Size These deer range from 3.0-3.5 feet tall at the shoulder, 4.5-7.0 feet long and have a tail that is 5.0-8.0 inches long. Mule deer populations have been restored since severe depletion by market hunting took place at the end of the 19th century. Not sure why, of all the places you hunt mule deer that one strikes your fancy, but good luck. PLAY. Migration allows mule deer to avoid deep snow and other harsh conditions during winter and take Mule deer is a deer species native to Western North America, and it gets its name from its long ears that resemble those of a mule and can move independently. Mule deer sport main beams that fork, and then fork again. Learn more The mule deer in the wild has several predators: humans, coyotes, mountain lion, eagles, bears, wolves, and bobcats. Mule deer prefer open grasslands and perk-lands, or forest edge ecosystems. Mature mule deer bucks have antlers with main beams that sweep outward and upward, forking once and then forking again. Meanwhile, whitetail antlers only branch out from a singular beam. Only the underside of the white-tailed deer’s tail is white, while the mule deer’s tail is all-white with a black tip and is much smaller. Mule deer antlers are bifurcated; they "fork" as they grow, rather than branching from a single main beam, as is the case with white-taileds. Mule deer are simple to identify due to their large mule-like ears. They measure from 31 - 42 inches in height and 4 to 7 feet in length. Mule Deer have a very wide distribution out there. Mule deer are typically 3 to 3.5 feet at the shoulder and measure 4.5 to 7 feet long with a 5 to 8 inch … Long-term declines in mule deer populations have been largely attributed to changes in habitat, loss of migration corridors, and predator-prey relationships; however disease places additional pressure on waning populations. Mule deer, Odocoileus hemionus, are found throughout Utah in many types of habitats, including neighborhoods and backyards. Joined Apr 13, 2020 Messages 8. neffa3 said: Green gulch road is open during Oct and Nov for motor vehicles 48" in width and under. In the summer months they are brown with hints of red. White-tailed deer are the smallest member of the deer family in North America, ranging in size from 150 to 310 … Fun Facts: Mule Deer are good swimmers, though they rarely use water as a means of escaping predators. Some biologists estimate that a mule deer’s sense of smell is up to 1,000 times stronger than a human’s. The most important thing you should know is that it doesn’t take years of preference points to draw a good mule deer license in Colorado! Unlike the white-tailed deer, mule deer lives on land west of the Missouri River.They also live in the Rocky Mountains region of North America. Of this, the tail may comprise 11.6 to 23 cm (4.6 to 9.1 in). Don't see your question or answer here? They are brownish-gray in color, have a white rump patch and a small white tail with a black tip. Test. Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus) Species Code: ODHE Description: The Mule Deer is a large mammal. Mule deer are selective feeders. But even if you’re a nonresident, there are many good mule deer hunts that can be drawn with very few points. What are the differences between mule deer antlers and those of a white-tailed deer. Learn. b.) Though larger than the Texas whitetail, Texas’ mule deer are smaller than their northern cousins. They seem to like the arid climate and to live where a variety of different plants are offered as a source of food. Nevertheless, since these majestic creatures share their inhabitants with coyotes and mountain lions, they are not easy to take down. If the mule deer loses its antlers the new antlers can regrow almost instantly. They break into smaller groups again by the next summer. The coat of mule deer ranges from dark brown gray, dark and light gray to brown and even reddish. Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) are easy to identify due to their large mule-like ears. Contact us to start a Mule Deer Foundation Chapter in your area, Tuesday, January 21, 2020 MDF Wyoming Regional Director Shawn Blajszczak presents a $5,000 check to Wyoming Game & Fish Commissioners Mike Schmid and Richard Ladwig…. Not sure why, of all the places you hunt mule deer that one strikes your fancy, but good luck. A product of the Mule Deer Working Group - Sponsored by the Western Association of Fish & Wildlife Agencies - Approved July 2013 Produced with support from the Mule Deer Foundation ( More information on mule deer can be found at Shawn Gray UNDERSTANDING MULE DEER AND ANTLER POINT RESTRICTIONS Deer loose their antlers each year and re-grow new ones from stem cells in the base of the antler. Mule deer, (Odocoileus hemionus), a medium-sized, gregarious deer of western North America that derives its name from its large ears. What does it take to draw a mule deer license? DISEASE AND PARASITE OF MULE DEER Fact Sheet #11. Both species may stop and look back at the source of potential danger, but this behavior is more typical of mule deer.
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