(Pea, bean or legume family). Leaves are pinnately compound, silvery-pubescent or glabrescent. Ghana, Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort. The Macmillan Company, New York. In: Flora Southern Africa 16, pt. long; leaflets 6–15, elliptic or sometimes ovate-elliptic or ± obovate, mostly 1.5–7.5 cm. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 776 (1930). PROTA4U Record display: PROTA4U Homepage. It has a short, thick Style and a funnel-shaped Stigma, which is slit down one side. So the African leaves can also make the body become healthier and protected from various types of diseases. Leaves occur in an almost horizontal plane (photo 90). Chad, Burkea africana is dominant on well drained soils at the upper portions of a soil catena, co-dominant with T. sericea at midslope and replaced on seasonally waterlogged soils at the base of the slope by T. sericea. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Senegal, Deciduous tree, to 8 m. Bark rough, both vertically and horizontally fissured. Lock, J.M. The Bark is rough, dark grey, fissured and is often flaking (photo 159). The Leaves are crowded towards the ends of branches and tend to droop. Leaves silvery when young; petiole with rhachis 7–32 cm. Habit and leaf form. Guinea, 6: t. 593–594 (1843). Zaïre, pl. Caprivi Strip, The sapwood must be treated to prevent borer attack. Burkea africana (Wild seringa) is a flat-topped, small to medium deciduous tree, belonging to the family Ceaesal-piniaceae. Leaflet Veins are difficult to see – unless viewed against a strong light (photo 494). (eds.) Petiolules (stalks of leaflets) are short. Burkea africana is a deciduous, medium-sized, spreading, flat-topped tree up to 8 m high. Balkema, Amsterdam, Cape Town. The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa. Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Backbone Distributions Angol. B. africana has been in use in traditional medicine in many African cultures [35]. Polhill. Creatures » Cellular Organisms » Eukaryotes » Plants » Green Plants » Streptophyta » Embryophytes » Vascular Plant » Spermatophytes » Angiosperms » Eudicots » Superrosids » Rosids » "An Order: Peas, Beans, And Relatives" » Pea Family » Burkea « Leaves. The tree may only produce fruit every second year. Flowers are small – up to 5mm wide and arranged in attractive pendulous Spikes (simple indeterminate inflorescence with sessile flowers on a single unbranched stalk). Tenth Printing 1965. & Curtis, B.A. Struik, Cape Town. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. Leaves may also be simple and usually have stipules – some of which may be spinescent. (2003). Flora of Tropical East Africa. Leaves are bipinnately compound, silvery pubescent or glabrescent. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, © Copyright Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. B. africana is planted as a roadside tree and ornamental (Maroyi, 2010). http://www.africanmoths.com/pages/SATURNIIDAE/SATURNIINAE/cirina%20forda.htm, http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantab/burkeaafricana.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burkea_africana, http://prota4u.org/protav8.asp?p=Burkea+africana, http://posa.sanbi.org/flora/browse.php?src=SP, https://everipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Burke_%28botanist%29/, Your email address will not be published. long. Fl. long; pinnae (1–)2–5(–7) pairs, (3.5–)6–20(–28) cm. Burkina, Leaflets are usually entire. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ MIM, Deurne. Other Names: Mucarala, mgando, maccarati, siri. The Tree: The tree grows to a height of 50-70 ft (15.2-21.3m), with a diameter of 12-24 in. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort. Protologue [ edit] Icon. Ross, J. H. (1982). & Polhill, R.M. The fruits of Burkea superficially resemble a Terminalia, but Burkea is readily separated by its compound leaves. Burkea africana (Red Syringa) is a medium sized tree usually 8– 10 m tall, with a maximum height of 20 m (Coates Palgrave 1997; Storrs 1995). National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. Assessed: 2005 (W. Foden and L. Potter). This species can be confused with Burkea africana, and the Lunda name for the two species is the same. These Trees are often found in deep, sandy soil in deciduous bushveld (a sub-tropical woodland ecoregion of southern Africa). B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Mali, Nailing may cause splitting and pre-boring will help overcome this. (2) There is a successional process occurring within the tree layer. Tanzania, Leaves with pinnae in 2-5 pairs. & Dale, I. R. (1952). Foden, W. & Potter, L. 2005. 1958, Angola, & Beentje, H. (2012). Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. Altitude range: (metres) 990 - 1630 m. Flowering time: Sep - Oct. (2006). Leaflets are usually entire. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Flora of West Tropical Africa Burkea africana Hook. The Heartwood is used for fence posts, parquet flooring, railway sleepers, mortars and attractive furniture. The ethnopharmacology, chemistry and pharmacology of four Malian medicinal plants, Biophytum umbraculum, Burkea africana, Lannea velutina and Terminalia macroptera are reviewed. Boulvert, Y. Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 118, fig. Burkea caperangau Baill. It can grow up to 20m tall and up to 80m in diameter. After the Orchidaceae and the Asteraceae, the Fabaceae is the third largest Angiosperm (flowering plants) family with 700+ genera and close to 20 000 species. sept. 2005: 1-158. There are 10 nearly equal Stamens and each is about 5mm long. Togo, (2009). They may appear before or with the new leaves. van Wyk, B. Conservation: National Status: L C. (Least Concern). Twigs show antimicrobial activity against a wide variety of bacteria and fungi – supporting the use as a chewing-stick for dental care. Sudan, Botswana, A fire during this time may destroy flowers ( Büschel 1999) and the subsequent fruit crop, and / or damage early leaves, reducing the plants vigor. Leaflets arranged alternately, 6-15 per pinna; lamina 1.5-7.5 × 0.7-4.2 cm, ... Burkea africana EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Burkea africana ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Burkea africana Flora Zambesiaca web site: Burkea africana Leaves are pinnately compound, silvery-pubescent or glabrescent. L. Watson and M.J. Dallwitz . It occurs widely in tropical and sub-tropical Af-rica [10, 19, 45]. Fl. They are bipinnate (Compound: twice pinnate. J.P.M. africana – from Africa. The Your email address will not be published. They occur in different woodland types from 50 to 1 700m. Indigenous – Originates in South Africa. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Soud.-Guin. (1977). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. For example, Perocarpus angolensis, Burkea africana and Schinziophyton rautanenii flower and flush before the onset of the rains. Range and habitat. International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011 It occurs in various types of woodlands over a wide range of altitudes and habitats, but is most characteristic for hot, low-lying areas (Coates Palgrave 1997). Required fields are marked *. These spikes are up to 24cm long. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ (2015). J. H. Watt, J. M. & Breyer-Brandwijk, M (1962). ed. Each pod usually holds one compressed Seed (photo 679). Flowers are bisexual and bracteate. Name derivation: Burkea – named after Joseph Burke (1812-1873) a widely travelled plant collector and hunter in the RSA from 1840-1842. Phyllotaxy spiral. (2007). Jacana, Johannesburg. L'utilisation de Burkea africana Hook. This tree is often associated with other trees including Terminalia sericea, Ochna pulchra, Colophospermum mopane, Pterocarpus angolensis and Combretum imberbe. © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. 20/A (1962). Green lichen may be present. Regular flowers usually have 4-5 sepals and the same number of petals. Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Leaf fall takes place from Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. The flower buds are green-yellow. Foliage: Leafless from September to November. The Fabaceae are recognisable by their fruit and by their pinnately compound Leaves. The Fabaceae are recognisable by their fruit and by their pinnately compound Leaves. (DC.) Leaflets arranged alternately, 6-15 per pinna; lamina 1.5-7.5 × 0.7-4.2 cm, elliptic or sometimes ovate-elliptic or ± obovate, appressed-puberulent; base ± … The upper surface of the Petiole (leaf stalk) is grooved and up to 2,5cm long.Stipules (basal appendage of the petiole) are caducous (an organ or part of which is easily detached and shed early). Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher. Growth … They are boiled and lightly roasted and may also be dried and stored. Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. White, F. (1983). The terminal leaflet is not centrally placed. Common name(s) Wild or Red syringa. Leaflets are oval and silvery when they are … Burkea africana stem bark was therefore, investigated for its protective or stabilizing effect on erythrocyte membrane in acetaminophen-treated rats. Malawi, Eggeling, W. J. Struik, Cape Town. wide, obtuse or rounded and somewhat emarginate at apex, ± asymmetric at base, appressed-puberulous on both sides (or rarely pubescent–see note below); petiolule 2–5 mm. Cactus opuntia syn Opuntia inermis DC. References This Caesalpinioideae-related article is a stub. Seeds are difficult to cultivate and trees are slow growing. Family: Fabaceae, or Leguminosae. : 1-525. Although initially susceptible to fires, mature trees tend to recover well after the passage of fire. Kalema, J. Wood is an excellent Fuel. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Herbarium Catalogue Specimens Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. Leaves are crowded at the ends of branch- lets; bipinnate, with two pairs of pinnae and 5 - 9 alternate leaflets per pinna. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. The single carpel develops into the Fruit, which is usually a pod. The Margin is entire (with a continuous margin, not in any way indented). Burkea Africana is a deciduous, medium-sized, spreading, flat-topped tree belonging to the family Caesalpiniaceae. ?Congo-Brazzaville. Cape Provinces, Specimen: K000232200 Family: Leguminosae-caesalpinioideae: Type Status: Unknown type material: Current Name: Burkea africana Hook. The superior, partially sunken Ovary is densely hairy. © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Irregular flowers have 4-5 sepals and 5 or less petals. Mannheimer, C.A. Leaves may be toxic to stock. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek. (Caesalpiniaceae) par les populations d'éléphants (Loxodonta africana Blumenbach) dans le ranch de gibier de Nazinga (Burkina Faso). Type species: B. africana Hook. 245, t. 50, 4–6. Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. It saws easily but has a marked cross-grain, which makes it difficult to plane. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system. 1971, International Legume Database and Information Service, Leguminosae, R.K. Brummitt, A.C. Chikuni, J.M. Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Distribution: The species Burkea africana can be found in East African regions of sub-Saharan Africa. The leaves are used in the treatment of fever, headache, epilepsy, ascites and conjunctivitis http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Flora of Tropical East Africa 1. & Schmidt, E. 2018. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Zimbabwe, Flora Zambesiaca Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. This unarmed, flat-topped or rounded crowned Tree (photo 162) may reach 18m high. Aboveground biomass allometric equations. Fruit is a thin indehiscent pod with 1 Seed. Leaves may also be simple and usually have stipules – some of which may be spinescent. Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. Seeds vary. Local Tree genera include Acacia (Vauchellia, Senegalia), Albizia, Bauhinia, Bolusanthus, Burkea, Calpurnia, Colophospermum, Cordyla, Cyclopia, Dichrostachys, Erythrina, Erythrophleum, Faidherbia, Indigofera, Mundulea, Peltophorum, Philenoptera, Piliostigma, Schotia and Xanthocercis. Cameroon, Burkea africana is a very (Sep-Nov). Common names: (A) Geelsering, Geel-sering, Geelseringhout, Grootsering, Grootseringboom, Kaffersering, Kafferseringboom, Kleinsering, Kleinseringboom, Rhodesian Seringa, Rooisering, Rooi-sering, Rooiseringhout, Sandsering, Sand-sering, Wildesering, Wilde-sering, Wildeseringboom, Witsering, Witseringhout, (E) Red Seringa, Rhodesian Ash, Rhodesian Seringa, Seringa, Seringa Tree, Syringa Tree, White Seringa, Wild Seringa, Wild Syringa, (ND) Umnondo, (NS) Monatô, Monoto, (TS) Mkenge, (TW) Monato, Monatô, Mosêsê, (V) Mufhulu. Uganda, Twigs with brown-hairy apex. UBHdt/SN/094 Fabaceae Apasha (Y) Burkea, Wild Seriga Stembark Decoction 5 0.06 31. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux. leaves are used as medicine (Mulofwa et al., 1994; Mathisen et al., 2002). Elephants eat the Branches and leaves and monkeys eat the Flowers and Pods. Featured: Lysimachia arvensis Stamens have anthers that have 2 pollen sacs and there are usually at least twice the number of stamens as petals – often 10. Govaerts, R. (1996). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. (eds.) Keith Coates Palgrave Trees of Southern Africa, edn 3. Flowers are creamy white, fragrant and in pendulous racemes of up to 300 mm in length. [see more in the book] Monkeys consume the Flowers. Phenology: Collector: MIPRO, H. & al. Larvae of the butterfly Apricot Playboy (Deudorix dinochares) feed on the Leaves. & van Wyk, P. 1997 Field guide to Trees of Southern Africa. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. Here the leaves may be stripped by the larvae. Select translation pop-up: Burkea africana Hook. Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Whitish, zygomorphic, 5-merous Flowers are in pendulous spikes. 61. Lock and R.M. The Anthers have a sessile apical gland. Trees and Shrubs Mozambique. Burkea africana is a deciduous, attractive tree normally with a scattered, flat crown mainly reaching 10 m tall; sometimes low shrub, rarel specimens can be about 20 m It is common in deciduous woodland and in wooded grass-like vegetation at elevations from 40 - 1,740 m in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 320 (1871). Bak. His trip is worth reading about – see ref. Each leaf is 100350 mm long, with 24 pairs of pinnae and 518 leaflets per pinna. (2002). - Botswana, S. Africa, Namibia. Medicinal & Poisonous Plants of Southern & Eastern Africa. Aubrév. 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