... Bragg's position not only blocked Cox's path but threatened a vital cross road and the New Bern-Goldsboro Railroad. Had it been completed before the assault, on Fort Fisher, the new ironclad would have made Northern. “Engrossing . of South Carolina) and his South Carolinians, Major General Robert F. Hoke had to abandon his. Topics and series. Bragg was, concerned that the Wilmington railroad line was soon, to be severed, and directed Hardee from Florence on to, Bragg Orders Wilmington Evacuated: "To advance through research, education and symposia, an increased public awareness of the Cape Fear region's unique history. Several Northern gunboats grounded in the shallows of the Cape Fear River below Wilmington, and lighter craft were severely damaged or driven off by the strong artillery batteries Lee, Campbell, Meares and Davis just south of the city and effectively anchoring Hoke’s western flank. General W. W. Kirkland, and the aforementioned Hagood. John J. Hedrick, Capt. On April 21 his army defeated the Mexicans at the battle of San Jacinto. he took part in the battle of Big Bethel. Point Road  (an extension of 12th Street). Subsequent to the fall of Fort Fisher on January 15, 1865, Northern forces began a cautious advance on the city of Wilmington from both sides of the Cape Fear River. It is reported that the entrenchments, extended from the Cameron site to the Cape Fear, River, and in the opposite direction toward, The Northern force opposing Hoke was being guided by, Jacob Horne, a local man who betrayed his State, family and, brother -- the latter was among Hoke’s defenders. 5th Army Corps and Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac. General Strong. He did with reluctance accept, the appointment from Governor Vance as State Director, of the North Carolina Railroad and held that position for, a few years. The Romans were trapped in an enclosed valley by the Samnites before they knew what was happening and nothing remained but to negotiate an unfavorable surrender. When Bragg learned of Northern forces approaching, Wilmington and gaining a foothold on Eagles Island, he, ordered Hoke to retreat and abandon Wilmington on, February 22. The battle took place Feb. 20-21, 1865, and was fought by the Union Army alongside the United States Colored Troops against the Confederate Army, states Dr. Chris Fonvielle’s book, “The Wilmington Campaign: Last Rays of Departing Hope.” The Union victory along the White Oak Road on March 31st threatened to destabilize the entire Confederate line west of Petersburg. Vastly outnumbered, Hoke decided to make a strategic withdrawal. (Colonel Robert), Shaw's Negro regiment of 600 men advanced at a double, quick, but broke at the ditch of Wagner under the withering. For his brilliant. bronze bell of Saint Paul’s Episcopal Church of Edenton. Teach them too that the proudest day, in all your proud careers was that on which you enlisted, Captain Samuel A. Ashe said: “Hoke was Lee’s best, general and the most distinguished soldier in North Carolina.”, After the war General Hoke returned to private pursuits and, refused all political honors. After the evacuation of Fort Anderson on the west side. Included are Hatcher's Run, the Appomattox River, Petersburg, Dinwiddie Court House, and the American Battlefield Trust's map of the Battle of Five Forks on April 1, 1865 In the spring of 1865, Lt. General Ulysses S. Grant had an opportunity to force Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia out of its entrenchments at Petersburg, Virginia, by threatening its last supply line, the South Side Railroad. in Raleigh where he lived for many years. © 2016 John Locke Foundation | 200 West Morgan St., Raleigh, NC 27601, Voice: (919) 828-3876, //$i = get_field('photogallery2',get_the_ID()); results to North Carolina patriots in 1781: "when British forces under the command of Lord Cornwallis advanced toward the city, slaves flocked to the British lines, in hopes of gaining their freedom; they then assisted in the, plunder of nearby farms and plantations, and stood by, when the Redcoats finally captured Wilmington. Transmit it to your children. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. IV, D.H. Hill, Jr., Biography of General Robert F. Hoke: Without any strong fortifications to, fall back on, Hoke knew that making a stand. Although most of the Confederate earthworks have disappeared to the soil, the land around the five-way intersection mirrors its 1865 appearance. The Northern transport Thorn blew, up in the river after striking a submerged torpedo at Orton, Cove, one of twenty known to have been strategically placed, Despite Hagood’s defeat at Town Creek making Hoke’s, position at Forks Road increasingly untenable, Wilmington’s, defenders defiantly floated mines downriver to surprise, Northern gunboats, killing several sailors and nearly sinking, Late in the evening of the 20th, Hoke telegraphed the approaching, Hardee that with his two brigades soon in Wilmington, the city may, On February 21, Hoke’s firmly entrenched lines at Forks Road, stoutly resisted a series of additional assaults that sent the USCT, fleeing back to safety of their trenches, and the shore batteries, below Wilmington were still harassing any movements of enemy, gunboats. Robert Frederick Hoke was born at Lincolnton, North Carolina. A monument to the battle stands at that critical junction. When was the Battle of Five Forks fought? The Battle of Five Forks was fought on April 1, 1865, southwest of Petersburg, Virginia, around the road junction of Five Forks, Dinwiddie County, at the end of the Siege of Petersburg, near the conclusion of the American Civil War . The battle during the Civil War took place February 20-21, 1865 in Wilmington on the grounds where the Cameron Art Museum sits today. General Lee ordered Bragg to abandon the city and set fire, to all tobacco, cotton and naval stores that could be used. Battle of Five Forks, (1 April 1865), one of the final major engagements of the American Civil War (1861–65). More Information: The New Kentucky Park has a historical marker commemorating the decision of the "Fork in the Road". from their hands.” A 12-pounder howitzer of that Battery, the “Saint Paul,” (so named as it was cast from the melted. Nor would a Northern naval advance up the Cape Fear River, be easy, Hoke had artillery batteries above Sugarloaf (Town. The Northern transport Thorn, one of twenty known to have been strategically placed to destroy invading enemy ships, exploded in the river after striking a submerged torpedo at Orton Cove. Colonel Shaw was killed; and as his men, with, a few brave exceptions, rushed back, they, General, Seymour reported,"fell harshly upon those in their rear. With the assistance of a local, Jacob Horne, Northern forces were able to maneuver into an attack position. After participating in the defense of, Fort Fisher and the Wilmington campaign, he served, gallantly under Joseph E. Johnston at Bentonville, His soldiers loved him and his final words to them were: commanders hesitant to use them in critical assaults. Artillery which had fought valiantly at Forts Fisher and Anderson. According to Chris Fonvielle’s The Wilmington Campaign, “Clingman’s [Brigade] fire ravaged Wright’s (USCT) brigade, with continuous volleys of musketry, while the Rebel artillery, assisted with barrages of iron case shot.” The attackers were, swept off the field by a murderous fire from the Wilmington, Horse Artillery’s 6 and 12-pounders. Had it been completed before the assault on Fort Fisher, the new ironclad would have made Northern gunboat advances up the Cape Fear difficult if not impossible. the history of the past. However, Lee ordered Pickett to stop short of Hatcher's Run and hold the crossroads of Five Forks with his infantry division and three cavalry divisions. Also, the performance of black soldiers in past battles such, as Battery Wagner, Olustee and the Crater made Northern. Last Stand at Wilmington: The Battle of Forks Road [Chris E. Fonvielle Jr.] on Amazon.com. The lull after the Coconut Grove fight did not last long. Warren's gains along the White Oak Road on March 31, 1865 and the movement of Warren's divisions which sent Pickett's men back to Five Forks from Dinwiddie Court House and later positioned his corps with Sheridan's force set the stage for the Confederate defeat at the Battle of Five Forks the following day and the Union breakthrough at the Third Battle of Petersburg on April 2, 1865. (Unabridged version originally posted at Cape Fear Historical Institute.). The Battle of Forks Road began as a last effort by Confederate Maj. Gen. Robert Frederick Hoke to hold Wilmington, the Confederacy’s last major port city, from falling into … General Lee ordered Bragg to abandon the city and set fire to all tobacco, cotton and naval stores that could be used by the enemy. Lee's dispatch stated: Pi… Subsequent to the fall of Fort Fisher on January 15, 1865, Northern forces began a cautious advance on the city of Wilmington from both sides of the Cape Fear River. The Forks at Barclay began development in 2015, one hundred fifty years after the battle that is honored by its name. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African Americans • Industry & Commerce • War, US Civil. Home » Encyclopedia Entry » Battle of Forks Road, Written by North Carolina History Project. The Battle of Five Forks broke the long siege of Petersburg, triggered the evacuation of Richmond, precipitated the Appomattox Campaign, and destroyed the careers and reputations of two generals. Thus, “the Stonewall of Forks Road” led his veterans from their entrenchments and left the earthworks to the invader who had failed again and again to dislodge Hoke’s Confederates. /  37.13944°N 77.62278°W  / 37.13944; -77.62278. Despite Hagood’s defeat at Town Creek, making Hoke’s position at Forks Road increasingly untenable, Wilmington’s defenders defiantly floated mines downriver to surprise Northern gunboats; these mines killed several sailors and nearly sank the transport Osceola. Both MacRae's are buried in Wilmington's Oakdale Cemetery. It was common by 1865 for US Colored Troops to be used in, support roles, or assault troops if white soldiers saw the potential. On 18 November, the usual flurry of patrols soon brought back information that the Japanese had set up a road block on both the Numa-Numa Trail and the East-West Trail. Several Northern gunboats, grounded in the shallows of the Cape Fear River below, Wilmington, and lighter craft were severely damaged or driven, off by the strong artillery batteries Lee, Campbell, Meares, and Davis just south of the city and effectively anchoring, Hoke’s western flank. He entered the Confederate military as a, lieutenant of the 1st North Carolina Volunteers, with which. General Hoke’s division consisted of four brigades commanded by Brigadier General Alfred Colquitt (a future governor of Georgia), Brigadier General Thomas L. Clingman (who was convalescing, Col. William Devane in his place), Brigadier General W. W. Kirkland, and the aforementioned Hagood (future governor of South Carolina). Teach them the rights of freemen and teach them to, maintain them. It is notable that Clingman's command included Captain Lippitt's, 51st North Carolina that routed the 54th Massachusetts. General Hoke was educated at Lincolnton. Without any strong fortifications to fall back on, Hoke knew that making a stand between the enemy and Wilmington would be difficult. The Cameron Art Museum's Battle of Forks Road Interpretive Project explores the little-known story of the United States Colored Troops (USCT) and the Battle of Forks Road, as well as the impact the USCT victory had on the Cape Fear region and its future. Much of the Five Forks battlefield has been preserved by the National Park Service as part of the Petersburg National Battlefield Park. Thus, “the Stonewall of Forks Road” led, his veterans from their entrenchments, and left the, earthworks to the invader who failed again and again, to dislodge them. Generals in Grey, Ezra J. Warner, LSU Press, 1959, The Story of Orton Plantation, James L. Sprunt, 1958 the Edenton Bell Battery of the 3rd North Carolina Artillery. The Battle of Five Forks was fought on April 1, 1865, southwest of Petersburg, Virginia, around the road junction of Five Forks, Dinwiddie County, Virginia, during the end of the Richmond–Petersburg Campaign (sometimes called the Siege of Petersburg) and in the beginning stage of the Appomattox Campaign near the conclusion of the American Civil War. Wilmington in order to hold the city until Hardee arrived. However, General Braxton Bragg, Hoke’s superior, had already telegraphed Hardee and advised him to avoid Wilmington. Eugene S. Martin described the action, "The fort proper was commanded by Colonel [Wilmingtonian. 17, 1863 for gallant service at Fredericksburg. North Carolina) was captured by the invaders. at Battery Wagner, near Charleston, in  July 1863. Hoke hoped to thwart the enemy rendezvous, and was also aware that a Confederate force of 6,000 troops under Lt. General William J. Hardee were fast approaching Wilmington from South Carolina. Academy and attended the Kentucky Military Institute. Also destroyed was the ironclad Wilmington, nearly completed at Beery’s Shipyard on Eagles Island across river from the city. A N.C. Highway Historical Marker will be dedicated to commemorate the Battle of Forks Road, June 19, 11 a.m., at the intersection of South 17th Street and Independence Boulevard in Wilmington. Among Hoke’s Cape Fear defenders were Wilmington natives, Capt. The Forks is located on 46 acres Midtown at 17th and Independence and just steps from the Cameron Art Museum, Halyburton Park, Cross City Trail and the Pointe at Barclay. Just after, midnight on the 18th [Saturday] General Hagood quietly, evacuated Fort Anderson, leaving "Some of the dead [who], were still in the gun chambers and along the lines, whlie, some had been carried into that sacred Edifice and lay, there with their pale faces turned toward the, The enemy pickets discovered empty fortifications in, front of them as they carefully probed the fort's defenses, at daylight. "Five Forks" referred to the intersection of the White Oak Road, Scott's Road, Ford's (or Church) Road, and the Dinwiddie Court House Road. WILMINGTON, N.C. (WECT) - It is one of the most significant parts of Wilmington’s history, yet the Battle of Forks Road remains, surprisingly, an unknown story. Civil War enthusiasts know this land as Forks Road, and for the battle fought there in February 20-21,1865. Battle of Five Forks. 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