As such, it favors munching on various deer species, such as the white-tailed deer, mule deer, elk, even the moose. Predators rarely attempt to attack adult deer, but prefer to hunt old, young, or sick animals. Canines are a big problem for deer due to the fact that so many of them are found in the same types of environments. Some biologists estimate that a mule deer’s sense of smell is up to 1,000 times stronger than a human’s. 3. While there are many predators working against mule deer, their age-old enemies of the coyote, bobcat, mountain lion and wolf have mule deer on guard from the moment they’re born. They’ll go head-to-head during the pre-rut and the rut. As the other food sources for those canines become scarce, it is more and more common for them to go after deer. Mule deer browse in shrubby areas. Mule deer bucks can be called in much like whitetails.The two species share a common ancestry, so despite varying appearances they speak the same language. Drought, habitat degradation, reproduction, water distribution, and predator density are factors affecting mule deer … Formidable Prey – A healthy adult mule deer is a tough adversary. A new state amendment gives Utah wildlife managers broader control over killing black bear, mountain lions and other predators to save Mule Deer. Jaguar Its basic biology, a predator that kills and eats its prey impacts that animal and may to some extent impact the population of an area. Black. The first Estes Valley settlers in the early 1860's found a moderately abundant mule deer numbers. Mule deer populations are calculated by Texas Parks and Wildlife biologists through 945 miles of aerial transects and 393 miles of spotlight surveys. By Todd A. A growing population of people, predators and the often harsh elements took huge numbers of the animals. Posted August 2, 2011 by manager. In the western U.S. and Canada, those predators are primarily mountain lions, coyotes, and bobcats, although black bears, wolves, grizzly bears, and feral dogs will also take mule deer. Do mule deer have a good sense of smell? Mule Deer History. Habitat of the Mule Deer Factors affecting mule deer populations. Predators can have a limiting or regulating e˚ect on mule deer populations. A Little History. Mule deer can detect slight predator movement up to 600 meters away, but they are not very good at detecting motionless forms. This species’ most common predators are cougars, coyotes, and gray wolves. As an obligate carnivore, meat is a necessity for its diet. NPS. However, Deer are often the victims of various types of predator out there in the wild. Mule Deer vs. the predator, What happening? Some thoughts on the delicated predator prey relationship. Rattle Their Cage: Mule deer enjoy a good fight as much as any whitetail. 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