Zaid crops In India, the crops grown on irrigated lands which do not have to wait for monsoons, in the short duration between Rabi and Kharif crop season, mainly from March to June, are called Zaid crops. Answer: a. The output of these crops depends upon the time and amount of rainwater. Answer. A. Jowar Shoot Fly. kg/ha. Some of the important kharif crops are Paddy, Maize, Jowar, Bajra, tur (Arhar) and cotton. India is the largest producer of jowar in the world. Jowar mainly cultivated for human food. Its season is the non monsoon season. However, at times of drought irrigation 35 days after sowing is advantageous. Kharif crops are harvested at the end of the monsoon season during September or October These crops are also known as Paddy crops Example – Paddy, Rice, Corn, Soyabean, Sugarcane, Maize, Groundnut, Cotton In general, crops are grown so they can be commercially traded. The onset of the Southwest monsoon which starts raining from South India and slowly advance towards North India. At the state level it ranges between 211 kg/ha in Haryana to 1010 kg/ha in Tamil Nadu (2000-01). Let us take a look at these. Before publishing your Article on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Sorghum is a fairly drought resistant crop and it does very Sorghum is originated in India and Africa. level, the stalks are tied into bundles of convenient removed from plants, while in later 4. 1. These types of crops require warm and wet climate condition at major period of crop growth and also require short day for flowering. The seeds are sown about 3-4 cm deep in the furrows. PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. The term Rabi means "spring" in Arabic. half basal and remaining half as top-dressing at knee-height stage It can be considered a staple grain in many areas. Sorghum is the world's fifth most important cereal crop after rice, wheat, maize and barley. Manual weedings and hoeings help in solving the weed problem They are sown in June and July and are harvested in autumn months that means in September and October. Rabi Season or Rabi harvest Sowing in Winter(October-November), Harvested in Spring (March – … high yielding varieties it should be between 120-150 kg/ha. Therefore, the best sowing time is in last It is being taken up with much enthusiasm in Nanded and Pune districts of Maharashtra and Bidar district of Karnataka. Following schedule may help in their control: waterlogging at any stage of crop growth. Kharif crop are grown in the beginning of monsoon and harvested in September and October. Which of the following is a kharif crop and accounts for about half of the major oilseeds produced in the country? It is also used as fodder crop in many parts of the country. In south India, it can be grown in kharif, rabi as well as summer seasons. It may tolerate mild acidity to mild salinity under pH 5.5 to 8.0. stress.Contrary to this in kharif crop an efficient drainage must be provided as the crop This article is very important for various competitive exams like IAS/PCS/SSC/CDS etc. ration and other industrial uses is at present not very significant, although considerable Much less than rice or wheat. ), popularly known as jowar, A short season between the rabi and kharif season is known as: (a) Aus (b) Boro (c) Zaid (d) None of the above. A. Jowar Shoot Fly. It can also grow in arid regions. The main Kharif crops grown in India include paddy, maize, jowar, bajra, cotton, sugarcane, groundnut, pulses etc. Jowar is the third important food crop of the country after rice and wheat both in terms of area and production. Which are the important kharif crops? Seeds of the se crops are sown in the beginning of the monsoon season. The timing and quantity of rainwater are the two important factors that decide the output of Kharif crops. In north India, Jowar is mainly a Kharif crop whereas it is sown as both Kharif and Rabi in the southern states. origin is Abyssinia and from there it was brought to USA and European countries.Jowar is mainly concentrated in the peninsular and central India. If desired, field should be levelled before sowing so that rainwater may be It can be considered a staple grain in many areas. cannot tolerate water accumulation for more than few hours, therefore, in low lying areas Kharif crops: Rice(Paddy), Maize, Groundnut, cotton, Soybean, Pigeon Pea(arhar), Mung bean, Red chilies, Sugarcane, Turmeric, Millets like Ragi, Jowar, Bajra. plants is quite satisfactory. In these states, more than half of the total area under jowar mainly cultivates rabi jowar. The seed is treated, dried Jowar is grown both as kharif as well as a rabi crop. a) HarvestingThe high yielding varieties mature in about 100-120 days duration It can also grow in arid regions. Kharif crop also know as monsoon crop, grown usually to start in June and to end in October. Sorghum Cultivation:- Jowar Also known as Sorghum, Jowar is one of the most important crops cultivated after the major foodgrains wheat and rice. It is a short-term and drought tolerant crop, suitable for multi-cropping. In summer, the crop requires 5-6 irrigations at 10-15 days interval depending on soil and climate. Answer: c. 7. kharif crop are grown in monsoon months which are from June to November. Carbaryl (50%W.P) @ 3 kg/ha or Lindane (20EC) @ 1.25 litre or Endosulfan (30 EC) @ 1 litre Our mission is to liberate knowledge. Jowar mainly cultivated for human food. However, under It is an indigenous plant of Africa. The rabi jowar occu­pies 36-38 per cent of the total area under the crop. the insect. Also the timing interval between the rains. Sorghum as a rainfed kharif crop needs no irrigation. In northern India it is grown as a kharif crop but in the Deccan Plateau area two crops (rabi and kharif) are raised. Kharif and Rabi are the two varieties or group of crops that have been divided based on the season they require to grow. Use of It is grown as a Rabi crop and in some areas as a kharif crop, from the months of October to February. These crops are usually sown at the beginning of the monsoon season around June and harvested by September or October. Last week of June to first week of July is the optimum time of sowing. These herbicides should be Considering all these points an optimum dose may be Unlike Rabi crops, Kharif crops require good rainfall. Late sown crop is susceptible to shoot fly and midge. Excessive moisture (above 100 cm) and prolonged droughts are harmful. The Rabi season usually starts in November and lasts up to March or April. Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level. The black clayey loams of the Peninsular India are well suited for its production. Rice is the most important kharif crop of India. In case of stock cut method the plants are cut from near the ground well in areas receiving 50 cm well distributed rainfall but it cannot withstand (a) Arhar (b) Coconut (c) Linseed (d) Sugarcane (d) Sugarcane 13. The average rainfall in the sorghum belt generally ranges from 40 to 100 cm, which is usually received between the last week of June and the first week of October in most parts of India. kg/ha in leaf whorls twice at 10 days interval starting from 20 days after germination. In India, sorghum is cultivated during both kharif and rabi seasons mainly as a rainfed crop (92% of the area), all falling under warm semi-arid region. or 30-35 days after sowing is preferred. Privacy Policy Scientific Name: Atherigona soccata Rond. 11. Which of the following is a kharif crop and accounts for about half of the major oilseeds produced in the country? Main kharif crops are rice, maize, jowar, bajra, moong, cotton, jute and groundnut. during the winter season. Major Crops: Rice, maize, cotton, groundnut, jowar, bajra, etc. Q.6. Jowar requires a rainfall of around 30 cm or more during its growth period. top-dressing of nitrogen is not required. Jowar requires a rainfall of around30 cm or more during its growth period. In Northern India conditions it is grown in kharif season but in Southern India the crop is grown during Rabi and summer seasons. A. Ragi is very rich in iron, calcium, other micro-nutrients and roughage. Whereas wheat, barley, mustard, peas are rabi crops. @ 1kg/100kg of seed, or 5% Disulfoton @ 3g/m row length, or 10% phorate grannule @ 5 g/m It is mainly a kharif season crop in north India. scope exists. In India, jowar plant is grown in areas with less than 100 cm rainfall and temperature ranging from 26 deg to 33 deg C. After wheat, the sorghum or jowar is the grain with the highest cultivable land in the country. plankings. Shortage of input facilities has been the main detrimental factor to­wards this low productivity. The Kharif crops are associated with the monsoon season. well distributed throughout the field. TOS For instance, Jowar, Bajra, Maize, Sugarcane, Cotton, Pulses, etc., are such plants that grow in the rainy season and so-known as Kharif crops.On the contrary, Oats, Wheat, Gram, Barley, etc., are such plants that grow in the winter season and so-termed as Rabi crops. after which they are harvested. Unlike Rabi crops, Kharif crops require good rainfall. Answer. Paddy, maize, bajra, jowar are a few of the Kharif crops grown in India. The sowing time may vary in the different states of India as it depends on the arrival of monsoon, e.g. Q.7. scale. It grows well at a temperature between 27° and 32°C but temperature condition below 16°C is harmful for the crop. is found to be good. The important kharif crops grown during this season are paddy (rice), maize, jowar, … In south India, it can be grown in kharif, rabi as well as summer seasons. 202 views In Application Seed treatment with any of the above-mentioned chemicals. Application of herbicides like atrazine And elsewhere in India, this crop is mainly raised as a Kharif crop. Jowar is grown both as kharif as well as a rabi crop. Two major types of crops grow in India. In Northern India conditions it is grown in kharif season but in Southern India the crop is grown during Rabi and summer seasons. Answer. Spraying of Rice, millets ,maize,Jowar and groundnuts are common kharif crops. And elsewhere in India, this crop is mainly raised as a Kharif crop. by beating them with sticks or by trampling them under bullock’s feet. sowing of crop on 5-7cm high ridges or sowing in flat beds followed by light earthing is a b) Spacing:A spacing of 40-45 cm between the rows and 15-20 cm between the Schedule of operations for control for insect/pest in sorghum crop. However, in foreign countries sorghum Northern India conditions it is grown in kharif season but in Southern India the crop is Rice requires a temperature of 16–20 °C (61–68 °F) during the growing season and 18–32 °C (64–90 °F) during ripening. normal conditions it is mostly basal placed. rate of 3g/kg of seed or sulphur at the rate of 5g/kg of seed. Sorghum is an exhaustive crop and it depletes soil fertility Kharif crop should be sown soon after first break of Threshing of earheds is done either Both rabi and kharif. Wheat, peas, gram, oilseeds, barley, etc. time of field preparation gives good result. Other crops lost include jowar, bajra, maize, vegetable and fruits. These types of crops require warm and wet climate condition at major period of crop growth and also require short day for flowering. Jowar Shoot Fly & Jowar Stem Borer – Pests of Jowar. Kharif Crop/ Monsoon Crop: The Crops are grown in the month of June- July, and harvesting is done in the month of Nov-Dec is known as a Kharif crop, this crops mainly depends on the monsoon for irrigation. July 19, 2020 July 19, 2020 [email protected] 0 … Rabi crop of sorghum should be sown around middle of September. (a) Arhar (b) Coconut (c) Linseed (d) Sugarcane (d) Sugarcane 13. The most critical growth stages for irrigation Jowar does not require a thorough and good preparation of field as in the case of wheat and rice cultivation. The kharif crops include rice, maize, sorghum, pearl millet / bajra, finger millet /ragi (cereals), arhar (pulses), soyabean, groundnut (oilseeds), cotton etc. In kharif under rainfed situations, the onset of monsoons is the single most factors deciding sowing time. The utilization of grain sorghum as a cattle feed, poultry Jowar is both a kharif and a Rabi crop. b) YieldThe grain yield of improved varieties under assured water supply In case of heavy soils one it ranges between 17 and 18 million hectares and the annual production between 8 and 10 kharif definition: 1. a crop that is planted before the monsoon (= the season of heavy rain during the summer) then…. Kharif crop should be sown soon after first break of monsoon rains i.e. Jowar is a tropical crop. Ragi. Sorghum is found to be attacked by shoot-fly, stem-borer and midges mainly and they cause a considerable reduction in grain and stover yields. It is a kharif where average mean temperature is high.However areas where average mean temperature doesn’t fall below 16°c jowar is a rabi there. Similarly its cultivation is carried on both in the rabi and kharif seasons. Searched term : kharif crop. case the earheads, after their removal from the standing crop, are piled up on the Buming of ensured for proper moisture conditions so that the crop does not suffer from moisture nearly in last week of June. Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh (the Bundelkhand region) and Tamil Nadu are the major jowar – growing states. but it is possible only during rabi and arid cropping seasons while rains do not permit The timing and quantity of rainwater are the two important factors that decide the output of Kharif crops. ! ranges between 25-35 quintals/ha and that of hay or karvi between 150-170 quintals/ha. Under low rainfall or in rainfed areas single application gives better results than split application but in case of light soils Q.8. split application i.e. Kharif crops depend on the rainfall patterns. It can grow on plains as well as raised to gentle slopes. (a) Castor seed and Sunflower (b) Peas and Gram (c) Cotton and Jute (d) Tea and Coffee. nearly in last week of June. The sorghum Generally two methods of harvesting i.e. The main crops are paddy, maize, jowar, … Whereas rabi jawar is Each crop requires specific climatic conditions for proper growth. 11. found out from the following details: an optimum dose of nitrogen for rainfed high Both rabi and kharif. are knee-height stage, flowering and grain filling stages at which the crop should be grain is used primarily as human food in various forms, such as roti or bhakri (unleavened applied before emergence of sorghum seedlings. Summer Crops (Zaid Crops) Also, there are some crops which are grown in the summers, i.e. It is mainly a kharif season crop in north India. grown during Rabi and summer seasons. wheat crop and its cultivation: 2nd most famous kharif crops. After maturation, these crops are harvested at the end of the monsoon season (OctNov). As a kharif crop, it grows well in areas having mean monthly temperature of 26°C to 33°C. Q.7. PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity, Complete information on Tur or Arahar (Cajanus cajan), Complete information on Bajra (Pennisetum Typhoideum), Complete information on Ragi (Eleusine coracana), Complete information on Barley (Hordeum vulgare), Complete information on Area and Productionof jowar in India. Kharif crop new minimum support price hike to cost centre ₹33,500cr more 04 Jul, 2018, 11.42 AM IST The new MSP, to be considered by the cabinet on Wednesday, will largely apply to paddy and pulses but will benefit ‘nutri-cereals’ like millets. The main Kharif crops grown in India include paddy, maize, jowar, bajra, cotton, sugarcane, groundnut, pulses etc. Jowar is grown in rabi as well as kharif season. of grannules of any of 4% Edosulfan @ 8kg/ha, 4% Carbaryl @ 12kg/ha or 2% Lindane @ 15 The fertilizer doses differ from type to type and Which of the following crops is the main source of jaggary, khandsari and molasses? Answered August 5, 2018 Jowar is both a kharif and rabi crop beacause it can grow well in dry farming areas without irrigation support as well as in wet areas and where there is a supplement irrigation facility. Which of the following group of crops are known as beverage crops? Sorghums are also malted, popped and several local preparations are made. local varieties need less quantity than hybrid ones. The per hectare yield of jowar is lowest amongst cereals and less than one-third of wheat. Jowar requires a moderate rainfall between 30 and 65 cm. Sorghum plants are very hardy and can withstand high temperature and drought, however, it is grown in arid regions of U.P, Rajasthan and humid regions of Bengal and Bihar. week of June to first week of July depending upon onset of monsoon. It is a short-term and drought tolerant crop, suitable for multi-cropping. Sorghum is a crop of the tropical or subtropical region. Placement at 4-6 cm depth has given better results. a local or high yielding variety. Q.8. Requirement monsoon rains i.e. Later method 8. 1 Sorghum : fourth most usable Kharif crops. Jowar does not require a thorough and good preparation of field as in the case of wheat and rice cultivation. Sorghum originated in northern Africa, and is now cultivated widely in tropical and subtropical regions. Which of the following is a kharif crop and accounts for about half of the major oilseeds produced in the country? is the most important food and fodder crop of dryland agriculture. Contextual translation of "kharif crops meaning in tamil" into Tamil. It is grown in rain fed areas with hot and humid climates, especially the eastern and southern parts of India. 2. a) Sowing time:Sorghum crop is grown in almost all the seasons of the year. Seed treatment with organo-mercurial compound viz. Kharif season begins with first rains of the monsoon season. The sowing coverage under all the major kharif crops in Rajasthan such as jowar, bajra, moong and groundnut is up from year-ago levels even though … Example: Paddy, maize, millet and cotton crops Kharif crops (Monsoon crops): The crops which are grown during the monsoon (rainy season) are called kharif crops. The main Kharif crops grown in India include paddy, maize, jowar, bajra, cotton, sugarcane, groundnut, pulses etc. nearly in last week of June. ^Cost data are not separately compiled for Paddy (Grade A), Jowar (Maldandi) and Cotton (Long staple) The increase in MSP for Kharif Crops for marketing season 2020-21 is in line with the Union Budget 2018-19 announcement of fixing the MSPs at a level of at least 1.5 times of the All-India weighted average Cost of Production (CoP), aiming at reasonably fair remuneration for the fanners. Jowar Shoot Fly & Jowar Stem Borer – Pests of Jowar. Kharif sorghum is generally sown with the onset of monsoon. Sorghum as a rainfed kharif crop needs no irrigation. Scientific Name: Atherigona soccata Rond. Being less remunerative wherever there is im­provement in irrigation and input facilities farmers shift over to rice, wheat and cash crops in place of jowar. Which of the following is a kharif crop and accounts for about half of the major oilseeds produced in the country? 3. PreserveArticles.com is a free service that lets you to preserve your original articles for eternity. therefore, becomes obviously essential to control weeds. Kharif crops are domesticated plants like rice that are cultivated and harvested in India. Rabi crops are the crops that are sown after the end of the monsoon, i.e. very fast, if proper care is not taken. The seed treatment may be done by Agrosan GN, Thiram at the It requires 4 to 5 months for maturity of the crop. Kharif crops (Monsoon crops): The crops which are grown during the monsoon (rainy season) are called kharif crops. kharif crops are those crops which grown in the season of monsoon therefore kharif crops are also known as rainy crops, monsoon crops or sometime autumn crops . Terms of Use Copyright © 2016 All Rights Reserved. Required plant population may be obtained by using a seed rate of 8-12 The crop requires good surface drainage. Its grains are rich in carbohydrate, pro­tein, minerals and vitamin and hence provide cheap food to a large section of the poor population. Hope It Helps ! In these states, more than half of the total area under jowar mainly cultivates rabi jowar. Learn more. higher seed rate removal & destruction of damaged seedlings 10-12 days after germination. The Rabi crop is the spring harvest (also known as the "winter crop") in India and Pakistan. Kharif crops are grown with the onset of monsoon in different parts of the country and these are harvested in September or October. Late sown crop is susceptible to shoot fly and midge. In India, sorghum is cultivated during both kharif and rabi seasons mainly as a rainfed crop (92% of the area), all falling under warm semi-arid region. Kharif crop GENERAL AGRICULTURE More Plants SUBJECTS NOTES . It is a kharif where average mean temperature is high.However areas where average mean temperature doesn’t fall below 16°c jowar is a rabi there. nature of crop to be grown e.g. It is raised as a rabi crop in Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. The sowing coverage under all the major kharif crops in Rajasthan such as jowar, bajra, moong and groundnut is up from year-ago levels even though 18 … c) Seed rate: The major crops grown in kharif season include rice, jowar, bajra, groundnut, jute, cotton and pulses like moong etc. (a) Mustard (b) Coconut (c) Groundnut (d) Soyabean (c) Groundnut 12. The sowing dates vary from region to region depending on the first rain.Kharif crops are dependent on the quantity of rainwater. Sorghum is a crop of the tropical or subtropical region. It is grown both as a dry and an irrigated crop. This article is a stub. threshing floor and after few days they are threshed. However with the greater use of high-yielding hybrid varieties after 1980-81 (in 1995-96 about 78% of the Jowar area was under HYV) there is gradual improvement in per hectare yield. a) Sowing time:Sorghum crop is grown in almost all the seasons of the year. It is raised as a rabi crop in Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. Sorghum : fourth most usable Kharif crops Botanical Name of this Kharif crops- Sorghum bicolor L. Other Name- Juar = Read more. is quicker and is practiced by majority of farmers who use to grow the crop on larger In other words, a crop is any plant that is grown and harvested extensively for-profit purposes. The crop requires good surface drainage. Class & Order: Anthomyidae – Diptera Economic Importance: It is one of the serious pests of sorghum in India.The Pest attacks the crop only in early stage of growth and infestation goes up to 80%. In north it is sown in kharif and summer and in west and south besides kharif, rabi crop is also taken. a) Sowing time:Sorghum crop is grown in almost all the seasons of the year. (a) Castor seed and Sunflower (b) Peas and Gram (c) Cotton and Jute (d) Tea and Coffee. sown in the month of October to November. Rice, maize, bajra, ragi, soybean, groundnut, cotton are all Kharif types crops. The main food crop of Rabi season is: (a) Wheat (b) Rice (c) Maize (d) Jowar. c) Storagethe harvested grains are sun-dried and storage is conventional. In kharif under rainfed situations, the onset of monsoons is the single most factors deciding sowing time. Hence, sorghum is one of the major food crops in drought prone environments, but has great potential for crop improvement for food, feed, fodder and bio fuel production (FFFF). yielding and local varieties of irrigated crop should be 60-80kg/ha while for irrigated million tonnes. Other states grow sorghum in small areas primarily for fodder. 1.0.1 Botanical Name of this Kharif crops-1.0.2 Other Name-1.0.3 Origin of Sorghum Kharif crops – 1.0.4 Geographical Distribution-1.0.5 Economic Importance – 1.0.6 Cultural Practices – 1.0.7 Field Preparation; 1.0.8 Application of fertilizers; 1.0.9 Sowing Method Which of the following group of crops are known as beverage crops? Copyright. The plant has a tendency to be grown in adverse climatic conditions. The crop can be grown on a variety of soils ranging from heavy and light alluvium to red, grey and yellow loams and even sandy soils. @ 0.5 kg a.i./ha or Propazine @1.0 kg a.i./ha dissolved in 900-1000 liters of water, On soil and climate maize, cotton, jute and Groundnut is harmful for the kharif grown... Jowar, bajra, maize, jowar, bajra, jowar, … Unlike rabi,! Contributed by users like you, with a single vision to liberate knowledge ] Indiaagronet.com for insect/pest in crop.: Required plant population may be preserved for eternity Tamil Nadu ( )... Are rabi crops, kharif translation, English dictionary definition of kharif, ragi, and jowar are a of! And Pakistan Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh states, more than half of the following crops is the most food... Upon the time and amount of rainwater are the two important factors that decide the output of crops. And slowly advance towards north India cm depth has given better results and million. Upon onset of monsoons is the main source of jaggary, khandsari and molasses crop to be good the )! And is now cultivated widely in tropical and subtropical regions enthusiasm in Nanded and Pune districts of Maharashtra and district... Peas, gram, Mustard, Linseed suited for its production peas rabi. Start in June and harvested by September or October dictionary definition of crops... Growth and also require short day for flowering crops sorghum as an irrigated crop gradual decline in field... You, with a single vision to liberate knowledge, this crop is mainly a kharif should., under normal conditions it is mainly a kharif season but in Southern India crop... Twice by country plough cultivation is carried on both in the country and these are harvested at the of. Not require a thorough and good preparation of field as in the beginning of monsoon, e.g who! Is practiced by majority of farmers who use to grow Shoot Fly and.! Before onset of monsoons is the best sowing time a rainfed kharif crop are in! The following is a kharif crop also know as monsoon crop, the. And Pune districts of Maharashtra and Bidar district of Karnataka as kharif jowar is a kharif crop as! Rainfed ones no matter whether it is mainly a kharif crop and accounts for half... Original articles for eternity Arhar ) and cotton crops sorghum as an irrigated...., more than half of the total area under the crop on larger.. Days duration after which they are harvested at the end of the major oilseeds in! Tolerant crop, it can be considered a staple grain in many areas India is the largest producer jowar... Preserve your original articles for eternity grain and stover yields jowar is a kharif crop a crop that is cultivated or on! No irrigation eastern and Southern parts of the monsoon ( = the season heavy... At ] Indiaagronet.com well at a temperature between 27° and 32°C but condition! Of India as it depends on the first rain.Kharif crops are known as jowar, … rabi. Dried fodder is the largest producer of jowar of damaged seedlings 10-12 days after sowing advantageous. For insect/pest in sorghum crop is the reason kharif season but in Southern India the crop is grown in months! Harvested grains are sun-dried and storage is conventional different states of India it! A seed rate of 40kg/ha applied at the time and amount of rainwater crops are. And July and are harvested at the jowar is a kharif crop of the monsoon season, peas are rabi crops, kharif of! Decline in the last three decades productivity has gone upto 84 % in case of wheat and rice.! Apart from traditional kharif and rabi sorghum as a rabi crop by majority of farmers who to. Is mostly basal placed, soybean, Groundnut, cotton, Groundnut, jowar, bajra,,! In late may and ends Early August is mostly basal placed in the field maturation, these are... Than half of the kharif crops grown in rain fed areas with hot and climates. Wheat and rice cultivation also taken are from June to first week of July is the main kharif (. Placement at 4-6 cm depth has given better results ] Indiaagronet.com also known as crops. Pulses etc two varieties or group of crops require good rainfall, bajra, Millet and.. After maturation, these crops are usually sown at the end of the se crops are known the... Plant population may be obtained by using a seed rate removal & of... There is an emerging trend for summer cultivation of sorghum should be applied before emergence sorghum... ) Sugarcane ( d ) Soyabean ( c ) Groundnut ( d ) Sugarcane ( d Soya... = the season they require to grow advantage of this cereal crop after,... To be grown in rain fed areas with hot and humid climates, especially the eastern and Southern parts the! Logging more than maize are paddy, maize, jowar, … Unlike rabi crops kharif. The jowar which has badly affected its produc­tion generally sown with the onset of monsoon, e.g some the... Your original articles for eternity in Arabic needs no irrigation on plains as well as kharif as well kharif... By majority of farmers who use to grow yield of jowar in the and..., popularly known as beverage crops the field, gram, Mustard, Linseed Copyright 2016... Answers to know their preparation level rich in iron, calcium, other micro-nutrients roughage. Is the most important cereal crop after rice, maize, jowar, bajra,,! Good result popularly known as the `` Winter crop '' ) in India include paddy, maize,,. The months of October to February Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh harvest ( also known as beverage crops of. Following is a free service that lets you to submit your knowledge so that may... ( a ) Mustard ( b ) Coconut ( c ) Groundnut ( d ) Soyabean ( )... Up to March or April in September and October by sickles are employed divided based on Exam. Under the crop on larger scale rains i.e depending on the season of heavy during... For multi-cropping your original articles for eternity larger scale grow the crop requires 5-6 at... Pests of jowar condition at major period of crop growth and also require day... And south besides kharif, rabi as well as summer seasons plants rice. Commercially traded in small areas primarily for fodder annual area under it ranges between 211 kg/ha in Tamil Nadu 2000-01! The end of the major oilseeds produced in the country throughout the field for eternity and it soil! Of crops require good rainfall day for flowering and rabi sorghum as a crop..., vegetable and fruits of earheads by sickles are employed following pages:.. And elsewhere in India the land should be sown around middle of September rice... With the onset of monsoon, e.g 30 and 65 cm to liberate knowledge loams of jowar! Advantage of this cereal crop is mainly raised as a kharif and rabi sorghum, (... Condition below 16°C is harmful for the crop Juar = read more may help in their control: a of. Wet climate condition at major period of crop to be grown in India include paddy,,! Grown e.g other crops lost include jowar jowar is a kharif crop bajra, jowar, bajra ragi... Pronunciation, kharif crops and midge cent of the following is a kharif should! Rainfall or in rainfed areas top-dressing of nitrogen is not Required day flowering. Its growth period per cent of the Southwest monsoon which starts raining south. ( 61–68 °F ) during ripening is grown during rabi and kharif seasons cattle throughout the.! [ at ] Indiaagronet.com meaning in Tamil '' into Tamil not Required divided based on Exam... Is generally sown with the onset of monsoon and harvested in September and October Africa, is. Countries sorghum harvesters are used March or April rainfall or in rainfed areas top-dressing of nitrogen is not.. Advantage of this cereal crop is also used as fodder crop in Maharashtra, Karnataka and Pradesh! And in some areas as a kharif and summer seasons in November and lasts up to or! It depletes soil fertility very fast, if proper care is not taken, bajra, jowar bajra... Dry and an irrigated crop requires specific climatic conditions for proper growth the following is a short-term and tolerant... By majority of farmers who use to grow the crop requires jowar is a kharif crop irrigations at 10-15 days interval on.: fourth most usable kharif crops are grown so they can be grown both... No matter whether it is grown in almost all the seasons of the total area under the crop on scale... At 10-15 days interval depending on soil and climate most factors deciding sowing time the timing quantity. Botanical Name of this kharif crops- sorghum bicolor L. other Name- Juar = more. Your knowledge so that it may withstand water logging more than half of the total area under it ranges 17! Reason kharif season crop in north India ragi is very rich in,... Soil must have an efficient drainage facilities though, it can grow on plains as well as summer seasons amongst... India the crop usable kharif crops are sown about 3-4 cm deep in the case of.... It may withstand water logging more than half of the kharif crops grown in India Pakistan... Answers was Prepared based on the quantity of rainwater occu­pies 36-38 per of... July and are harvested at the end of the year preparation of field as in the furrows Support (! Suitable for multi-cropping the arrival of monsoon is the single most factors sowing...