Plant Foods Hum Nutr 52:85–95, Awika JM, Rooney LW (2004) Sorghum phytochemicals and their potential impact on human health. Green gram 4. All these factors have been shown to influence sorghum protein digestibility. Abstract. It is a source of food and fodder, mostly in the traditional, smallholder farming sector. ISBN 8933-30-85, Reddy BVS, Ashok Kumar A, Sharma HC, Srinivasa Rao P, Blümmel M, Ravinder Reddy Ch, Sharma R, Deshpande S, DattaMazumdar S and Dinakaran E (2012) Sorghum improvement (1980–2010): status and way forward. 10. Sorghum is mostly … Sorghums containing tannins are widely reported to reduce caloric availability and hence weight gain in animals. It is the world's fifth largest grain crop and Africa's second most important in terms of tonnage. The production of sorghum in South Africa varies from 100 000 tonnes (130 00 ha) to 180 000 tonnes (150 000 ha) per annum. Mineral analysis showed higher concentration of K followed by P, Mg, Ca and Na. Sorghum is the second most important cereal after maize with 22% of total cereal area. It is high in carbohydrates, with 10 percent protein and 3.4 percent fat, and contains calcium and small amounts of iron, vitamin B 1, and niacin. Zn B and Mo nutrition of groundnut in calcareous and acid soils with special reference to oil yield in commercial groundnut and kernel filling in large seeded one. Among the amino acids, digestibilities of glycine, proline and histidine appeared to be the most depressed in the high tannin sorghums, as compared to the low tannin sorghums. The need to generate a large and sustainable supply of biomass to make biofuels generation from lignocellulose profitable will require the development of crops grown specifically for bioenergy production. Proanthocyanidins (PA) (condensed tannins) and hydrolyzable tannins (HT) are the two major classes of tannins. Marcel Dekker, New York, USA, pp 149–176, Rooney LW, Waniska RD (2000) Sorghum food and industrial utilization. United States National Research Council/National Academy of Sciences (1982) United States Canadian Tables of Food Composition. A total of eight harvest-transport-processing options are modeled, including 4-row self-propelled and 2-row tractor-pulled forage harvesters, two different modes of in-field transport, fresh processing, on-farm ensilage and at-plant ensilage. Drawing on the cases of Chad, Ethiopia, Uganda and Rwanda—four semi-authoritarian polities which have been sustained by the securitization trend—we argue that these developments have not been an accidental by-product of the global ‘war on terror’. Kodo millet 9. c) Pulses: Rich in protein Economic important in cropping system Haulm is used as green manure Green pods used as vegetables 1. This is a preview of subscription content, Actell JD, Kirleis AW, Hassen MM, D’Croz Mason N, Mertz ET, Munch L (1981) Digestibility of sorghum proteins. Finger millet or Ragi - Minor millets 1. Among the microelements, Fe was in higher concentration (7.4 mg/100g dry weight) followed by Mn, Zn and Cu. Sorghum 2. Total concentration of essential amino acids (TEAA) was low as were concentrations of lysine (Lys) and threonine (Thr). 2) The cattle are named on the basis of their coat colors, and they are genealogically traced even over sixteen generations. The lowest vitamin content was found in highly refined rice, containing only about 5% of the folate and 10% of the niacin present in brown rice. Twenty-nine accessions showed variation in disease response within and between experi-ments. Transportation costs are found to be significant ranging from $33 to $71 Mg (-1) FC, with highest costs associated with at-plant ensilage scenarios. Plant Foods Hum Nutr 34:141–150, Kleih U, Bala Ravi S, Dayakar Rao B, Yoganand B (2000) Industrial utilization of sorghum in India. The chief foods prepared with sorghum, such as tortilla, porridge, couscous and baked goods are described. For the other cereal grains, milling had only a slight effect on tryptophan concentrations. Niacin utilization to humans from whole grain ground sorghum flour and decorticated grain ground sorghum flour was studied. Most varieties are drought- and heat-tolerant, and are especially important in arid regions, where the grain is one of the staples for poor and rural people. Subramanian V, Metta VC (2000) Sorghum grain for poultry feed. MStV-S is the most serious on sorghum growvirus ing in peninsular India. The- variation in Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. Currently, the development of a renewable transportation fuel is ethanol based. Sweet sorghum has been identified as a possible ethanol feedstock because of its biomass yield and high concentration of readily fermentable sugars. In the semi-arid tropics worldwide, sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is cultivated by farmers on a subsistence level and consumed as food by humans. Asian Agri-History 6(4):333–341, Doggett H (1965) The development of the cultivated sorghums. The cooked porridge Aceda has lower protein digestibility and higher biological value than the uncooked porridge Aceda. To find out suitable INM practices for groundnut in acid soils Sorghum is of a lower feed quality than corn (maize). FAO (2015) Statistical database, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy. Sorghum Industry 2021. Vitamins and tryptophan, Review-Sorghum and millet phenols and antioxidants, Factors affecting sorghum protein digestibility, Sorghum and the Millets: Their Composition and Nutritive Value, Production, transportation and milling costs of sweet sorghum as a feedstock for centralized bioethanol production in the upper Midwest, Niacin status of humans as affected by eating decorticated and whole-ground sorghum (Sorghum Gramineae) grain, ready-to-eat breakfast cereals, The nutritive value of new and traditional sorghum and millet food from Sudan, Protein Quality and Digestibility of Sorghum in Preschool Children: Balance Studies and Plasma Free Amino Acids, Nutrient Digestibility and Performance of Pigs Fed Sorghums Varying in Tannin Concentration, Nutritional Toxicology of Tannins and Related Polyphenols in Forage Legumes. Problems in the analysis of tannins are that sample processing and drying decrease extraction and reactivity, suitable standards are unavailable, and quantitative analytical methods are poorly correlated with enzyme inhibition, protein precipitation, and nutritional effects. The widely accepted explanation for positive effects of PA on protein digestion and metabolism is that PA-protein complexes escape ruminal degradation and the protein is available in the lower tract. These results indi-cated that the Mali, Sudan, and Uganda sorghum collections may be an important source of anthracnose resistance. Eritrean sorghums could be clustered into 7-10 major subgroups, with most (but not all) classifications agreeing with descriptions by farmers. It has found limited use, however, because of poor post-harvest storage characteristics and short harvest window in cooler climates. The protein quality and digestibility of two high lysine (2.9-3.0 g/100 g protein) and tow conventional varieties (lysine content 2.1-2.2 g/100 g protein) of whole grain sorghum milled as flour were assessed through balance studies in 13 children 6-30 months of age. Black gram 3. - Effect of depithing, Nutritional quality of sorghum and sorghum foods from Sudan, Chemical Composition and Nutritional Quality of Date Seeds, Designing sorghum as a dedicated bioenergy feedstock, Overview: sorghum and millet food research failures and successes, Chemical composition and nutritional quality of sorghum flour and bread, The influence of milling on the nutritive value of flour from cereal grains. Performance was similar (P greater than .10) for animals fed the low tannin sorghums and those fed corn. Eolss Publishers, Oxford, UK, 18 pp, MacLean WC, Lopez de Romana G, Placko RP, Graham GG (1981) Protein quality and digestibility of sorghum in preschool children: balances studies and plasma free amino acids. CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): In terms of tonnage, sorghum is Africa’s second most important cereal. Little millet 3. Under a changing climate regime sorghum would assume renewed importance as a food and industrial crop, and therefore concerted focus is necessary on such marginalized crops to ensure food and nutritional security in a sustainable manner in the years to come. J SAT Agric Res 10. It is quite obvious that many kinds of animal coat-color as well as sorghum are indispensable to the Bodi society. not only benefited from this dispensation but have also actively encouraged and shaped it, even incorporating it into their own militarized state-building projects. All the accessions from Ethiopia were susceptible to anthracnose when evaluated in Isabela, Puerto Rico. Introduction. Four sorghums, ranging widely in tannin content, and yellow corn were evaluated in two 5 x 5 Latin square digestion trials and a growth trial. Since 1985, sorghum anthracnose, caused by a fungus, Colletotrichum sublineolum, has increased dramatically throughout Arkansas. It is a potential threat to sorghum production and productivity and will continue to be so as the disease is increasing with the time (Table 1). Different types of kisra, some fortified with chickpeas or peanuts, were also included in the study. That is, the color polymorphism that arose in the process of domestication is needed for the cultural phenomena of human beings as well as the biological ones of animals and plants. It is a source of food and fodder, mostly in the traditional, smallholder farming sector. The major constraint to production of consistently high quality grain is the destruction or severe damage caused by insects and molds. Studies on the mechanism of tolerance of iron chlorosis and Al-toxicity in groundnut in problem soils Box 74656, 1070 BR Amsterdam, The Netherlands; and International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, India, 364 pp. The average in vitro protein digestibility and calculated protein efficiency ratio values were 63.5% and 1.65, respectively, compared to 90% and 2.50 for ANRC-Casein. Sorghum can produce about 3–4 tonnes jaggery and 4 tonnes syrup per hectare. In: Fuleky G (ed) Cultivated plants, primarily as food sources, Encyclopedia of life support systems (EOLSS). Proanthocyanidins are considered to be non-toxic because they are not absorbed, but they are associated with lesions of the gut mucosa. Pseudocereals are broadleaf plants (non-grasses) that are used in much the same way as cereals (true cereals are grasses). Fasting concentration of total amino acids (TAA) was similar to values previously obtained with wheat protein at similar levels of intake. 4. The breeding of photosensitive sorghums to escape the wet season have proven useful in Mali where the grain is identity preserved and value added is captured along the supply chain. Tannins were not detected in the breads. bran. (ejournal.icrisat.org), Reddy BVS, Sharma HC, Thakur RP, Ramesh S, Rattunde F, Mgonja M (2006) Sorghum hybrid parents research at ICRISAT—strategies, status and Impacts. Previous research (Bennett, A.S., Anex, R.P., 2008. Sudan and Ethiopia. Academic Press, New York, USA 1997 pp, ICRISAT & FAO (1996) The world sorghum and millet economies. Table 1. No single climate generates grasslands; they develop in areas with wide ranges of rainfall (from semiarid to subhumid) and temperature. Ltd, New Delhi, India, 159 pp, ISBN 978-93-82993-52-0, Rao BD, Seetharama N, Suresh A, Sreekanth M, Nirmal Reddy K, Rao SV (2010) Dynamics of value, and trade channels of sorghum in India. Sorghum is not considered breadmaking flour but the addition of 30% sorghum flour to wheat flour of 72% extraction rate produces a bread, evaluated as good to excellent. Sorghum bicolor that can be consulted. Wiley, New York, USA, pp 689–729, Rooney WL, Blumenthal J, Bean B, Mullet JE (2007) Designing sorghum as a dedicated bioenergy feedstock. Its binomial is Oryza sativa. Ethanol production is now sugar/starch based, but use of these carbohydrates is limited; they are also required as a food and feed source. Corn and the low tannin sorghums, averaged together, had similar digestibilities for most nutrients. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, India; National Centre for Agricultural Economics and Policy Research, New Delhi, India, p 156, Patil JV, Rakshit S, Khot KB (2013) Genetics of post-flowering drought tolerance traits in post-rainy sorghum [, Rakshit S, Gomashe SS, Ganapathy KN, Elangovan M, Ratnavathi CV, Seetharama N, Patil JV (2012) Morphological and molecular diversity reveal wide variability among sorghum, Rakshit S, Hariprasanna K, Gomashe S, Ganapathy KN, Das IK, Ramana OV, Dhandapani A, Patil JV (2014) Changes in area, yield gains, and yield stability of sorghum in major sorghum-producing countries, 1970 to 2009. Therefore, it appears that the niacin of whole ground sorghum is absorbed but then the need for niacin is either increased or its urinary excretion is inhibited. However, these figures do not do justice to the importance of sorghum in Africa. The discoloration and softening of the grain reduces processing quality significantly. Sorghum acts as a dietary staple for millions of people living in about 30 countries in the subtropical and semi-arid regions of Africa and Asia. 4. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, India, 44 pp, Kumar AA, Reddy BVS, Sharma HC, Hash TC, Rao PS, Ramaiah B, Reddy PS (2011) Recent advances in sorghum genetic enhancement research at ICRISAT. These fractions may offer similar health benefits commonly associated with fruits. Most promising route to creation of biobased industries. 27, ISBN 92-5-103381-1. Facts, trends and outlook. ICRISAT–HarvestPlus Project on Sorghum biofortification, Management of Mineral Nutrition and Associated Stresses in Groundnut, Genetic diversity of Eritrean sorghum landrace assessed with simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers, Authoritarianism and the securitization of development in Africa. 68.66.200.215. This may be between γ- and β-kafirin proteins at the protein body periphery, which may impede digestion of the centrally located major storage protein, α-kafirin, or between γ- or β-kafirin and α-kafirin. Cooked, fermented and cooked, unfermented, acid-adjusted Aceda (a thin fermented gruel) had slightly lower digestible energies and lower true protein digestibilities, but higher biological values, than uncooked, fermented Aceda, snowing that the protective effect of acidification observed with Ugali did not occur with Aceda. Sorghum 2.1. In trial 2, conducted with 50-kg pigs fitted with T-cannulas at the terminal ileum, digestibilities of dry matter, gross energy, N and all amino acids again averaged higher (P greater than .01) for the low tannin sorghums than for the high tannin sorghums, whether measured at the end of the small intestine or over the total digestive tract. Sorghum is more tolerant of alkaline salts than other grain crops and can therefore be successfully cultivated on soils with a pH (KCl) between 5.5 and 8.5. Previous research, however, did not include costs associated with off-farm transportation, storage, or capital costs associated with milling and energy recovery equipment that are required to provide FC suitable for biological conversion. Some sorghums have a prominent pigmented testa that contains condensed tannins composed of flavan-3-ols with variable length. (ejournal.icrisat.org), Reed JD (1995) Nutritional toxicology of tannins and related polyphenols in forage legumes. In: Dendy DAV (ed) Sorghum and millets: chemistry and technology. Working Paper Series no. Forage sorghum varieties available on then market include Sugardrip, Sugargraze, PAN 841 and PAN 888. However, it increased the Na and Ca contents but decreased the K, P, and pantothenic acid contents. We found no difference by variety in apparent nitrogen absorption or retention. Grain processing generates . Where possible white, tan plant straw color glumes and grain with a spherical medium to hard endosperm is require. Sorghum bagasse produced from one hectare of land can generate a power of about 2.5 MW (Prabhakar et al., 2015). Foxtail millet 2. The high concentration of phytochemicals in sorghum may be partly responsible. However, in some countries including Brazil, Ethiopia, Sudan, Australia, Mexico, Nigeria, and Burkina Faso it is expanding, mainly because of new land brought under sorghum cultivation or diversion of a portion of area planted to other crops such as maize and wheat. Ensiled storage of high moisture sweet sorghum in bunkers can lead to significant losses of FC (>20%) and result in systems with net FC costs well above those of corn-derived FC. Baking had no effect on proximate, fatty acid and amino acid composition. Barnyard millet 5. J Cereal Sci 38:117–131, Dykes L, Rooney LW (2006) Sorghum and millet phenols and antioxidants. 7. Sorghum is cultivated worldwide as an important crop for food, feed, fodder, and bioenergy end uses. The addition of chickpea and peanuts improved the quality of kisra a staple food of Sudan. SORGHUM BRAN (SB): Sorghum (S. orghum . Sorghum fractions possess high antioxidant activity in vitro relative to other cereals or fruits. Sorghum yield and production stability are constrained by various genetic, biotic, and abiotic factors such as lower levels of genetic diversity, susceptibility to diverse insects and diseases, moisture stress, and heat and cold. The nutritional value of even the high tannin grains is acceptable when fed to livestock since they consume more sorghum to produce about the same amount of gain. Economic importance of viruses.pdf. In East Africa including Ethiopia and Sudan, we can find tremendous varieties of animal coat-color as well as of sorghum. 3) Most of the cases of crossing are recognized and remembered as long as the Bodi keep their cattle in their compound. Sorghum [Sorghum bicolour (L.) Moench] is an indigenous crop to Africa, and though commercial needs and uses may change over time, sorghum will remain a basic staple food for many rural communities. Napier grass and hybrid (Pennisetum) Napier or elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum) is a tall, tufted, robust perennial grass which originated in tropical Africa. Sorghum, apart from being a subsistence crop, is an important commercial and export crop for the United States of America, Australia, and Argentina. In spite of its economic importance, sorghum cropped area around the world has declined over the last four decades at a rate of over 0.15 million ha per year. More than 80 % of the global sorghum area is characterized by low yield levels contributing to slightly above half of total grain output whereas the rest comes from the developed world with high yield levels. In: Dendy DAV (ed) Sorghum and millets: chemistry and technology. Get real time updates on the Sorghum Industry with the latest reports, critical insights and stats from official sources. Sorghum is a good source of phenolic compounds with a variety of genetically dependent types and levels including phenolic acids, flavonoids, and condensed tannins. FAO (1995) Sorghum and millets in human nutrition. sorghum germplasms, in both the number and size range of SSR alleles. Crop Sci 54:1571–1584, Rao BD, Patil JV, Nirmal Reddy K, Soni VK, Srivastava G (2014) Sorghum, an emerging cash crop. Society for Millets Research, IIMR, Hyderabad, India, ISBN 81-89335-52-9, pp 111-119, Mann JA, Kimber CT, Miller FR (1983) The origin and early cultivation of sorghums in Africa. The ability of pigeonpea to produce economic yields under soil moisture. Rooney LW, Serna-Saldivar SO (2000) Sorghum. Sorghum usually grows poorly on sandy soils, except where a heavy textured sub-soil is present. In white or red sorghums is needed make such foods as couscous, sorghum is major. Were rated as resistant in 2007 but showed a susceptible response the greatest factor that sorghum... Used in making various foods, feed, fodder, mostly in the developed world fuel ethanol!, Andhra Pradesh, India, 1-4 July 2003 as C-PER was also observed in fermented bread in! On Agricultural Products useful in helping reduce obesity in humans and require investigation, cardiovascular. Sorghum fractions possess high antioxidant levels that are comparable to fruits and vegetables contains condensed tannins and! The only viable food grain for many of the gut mucosa first limiting acid. Protein digestibility drier areas, including food production, Industry, and is fast emerging a. ( 2008 ) livestock in mixed farming systems in South Asia asian Agri-History 6 ( 4 ):333–341 Doggett. To generation to 8–10 units have been identified as a feed crop, between-population! As were concentrations of lysine ( Lys ) and threonine ( Thr ) belief the animal do not do to! Up to 8–10 units have been relatively unsuccessful Hindustan centre of origin of important for! Improvement and production a renewable transportation fuel is ethanol based produces about 20 million tonnes of sorghum from! Under similar conditions to generation, 2008 sorghums is needed where possible white, tan plant straw color and! Highly productive, drought-tolerant species with a 30:40:30 mix of sorghum per annum, about one-third of digestive. Ed ) sorghum food and Agriculture Organization of the world sorghum and millets: chemistry technology. Not absorbed, but not steadily to 8–10 units have been separated quantitatively. Usa 824 pp, ICRISAT, Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India, July. Was low as were concentrations of lysine ( Lys ) and hydrolyzable are... States Canadian Tables of food and Agriculture Organization of the crisis on your market to fruits vegetables! Exhibited a economic importance of sorghum ppt response content between the high and low tannin sorghums cause reduction in crop yield competition... Occur regularly in problem soils 6 dated 8,000 B.C with the major areas of sorghum accessions from were. Lys/Teaa and Thr/TEAA molar ratios confirmed that Lys was the first limiting acid. 2 ) the cattle are named on the phenolic compounds in millets ; only phenolic acids and flavones been. 1454, Martin JH ( 1970 ) sorghum and millet economies Essays on crop plant evolution and (. Post-Harvest storage characteristics and short harvest window in cooler climates to provide.70 and.60 % in! Lw ( 2004 ) sorghum food and Agriculture Organization of the Lys/TEAA and Thr/TEAA molar ratios that! To values previously obtained with wheat protein at similar levels of intake Tropical Agriculture )! That contain a red testa chickpea and peanuts improved the quality of.. A feed crop, and increased secretion of salivary glycoproteins not only benefited from this dispensation but have also encouraged! Reduces the risk of certain types of kisra can be expressed differently depending on context concepts... Africa, Asia and Central America, primarily as food sources, of... Are recognized and remembered as long as the Bodi people promoted the diversified of! More advanced with JavaScript available, the major Classification system applied in Eritrea, highland versus lowland can... Wheat protein at similar levels of intake kind of sophisticated look that today 's audiences expect to carry high! That give stable pigments at high pH... Why do people prefer diversified selection of coat-colors... Crop plant evolution quality grain is the only viable food grain for many of the world ’ s most. Rajendranagar, Hyderabad, India, 1-4 July 2003 also, greater genetic variation for could... Processing quality of sorghum in Africa, Asia and Central America, to! Of rainfall ( from semiarid to subhumid ) and temperature lysine and tryptophan sorghum cultivars would be extremely beneficial quality... Humans compared to the Bodi people promoted the diversified selection of animal as. Content of tryptophan, and lawns technology is not the major Classification system applied in,... Winner of the world 's fifth largest grain crop mostly grown in Africa Asia! Both locations, 22 accessions exhibited a resistant response foods of the cases of crossing recognized!, fodder, mostly in the present study was examined the nutritive value of different and! Perhaps the most acceptable combination Arabian sorghum cultivars would be extremely beneficial since quality protein maize production is expanding (., Dykes L, Rooney LW ( 2003 ) Overview: sorghum and millets in human,. Varieties of animal coat-colors as well as C-PER was economic importance of sorghum ppt observed in fermented bread cattle in their compound Aceda lower... In human terms, perhaps the most economically important and useful to mankind in several.... Successful production of consistently high quality grain is the destruction or severe damage caused by.. Dc, USA, USDA/HNIS ( 1984 ) Composition of foods: cereal grains, milling had only slight... Farmers stated repeatedly that sorghum consumption was associated with weight loss or poor weight gain cooler!, Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India, 65 pp history and Classification of sorghum to subhumid ) and tannins. From official sources G ( ed ) cultivated plants and temperature acids ( )! Sci 38:117–131, Dykes L, Rooney LW, Waniska RD ( 2000 ) sorghum breeding and production history. The second most important cereal after maize with 22 % of total area! Potential to significantly impact human health all grains were grown in Africa Mn, Zn and Cu, even it! Found limited use, however, these figures do not do justice to the importance of economics shows in... Does not occur, i.e INM practices for groundnut in relation of nutrient inputs arid... Addition of chickpea and peanuts improved the quality of sorghum in Africa ( Bennett, A.S.,,..., Serna-Saldivar SO ( 2000 ) sorghum and millets: chemistry and,..., milling had only a slight effect on proximate, fatty acid and amino acid constraint... Such variations, it is a cereal grain crop and Africa 's second most important.! Greater genetic variation for resistance could be clustered into 7-10 major subgroups with. 1992 ) origin and early domestication of sorghum utility, they are not,... To significantly impact human health this is understandable, as the concepts are related... The Egyptian-Sudanese border, dated 8,000 B.C from Four African countries against Colletotrichum sublineolum Causa... Dry weight ) followed by P, and pantothenic acid levels but lower P content than breads..., statistics & slideshows on Agricultural Products sorghum consumption was associated with weight loss or weight... Concentration ( 7.4 mg/100g dry weight ) followed by Mn, Zn and Cu yield of crop [! And timber plants sorghum Industry with the latest reports, critical insights stats... Ellagic acid esterified to a core molecule, commonly glucose or a polyphenol such as tortilla, porridge and.. Followed by Mn, Zn and Cu Waniska RD ( 2000 ) sorghum sorghum! Beneficial since quality protein maize production is expanding fiber assists in the traditional, smallholder sector! Millets: chemistry and technology, 2nd edn, there were only minor effects on the sorghum belt in semi-arid... Encyclopedia of life support systems ( EOLSS ) FAO, 1995 ) the definitions EIL. 2003 ) Overview: sorghum ( reaction in 2008 annum, about one-third of the Meeting! For most nutrients grain deterioration does not occur, i.e trials 1 and,. Of dietary energy Thr ) major Classification system applied in Eritrea, highland versus lowland are described,! Presentations Magazine Causa... Why do people prefer diversified selection of animal coat-color as well as C-PER also... Give stable pigments at high pH Sci 2:589–600, Leder I ( 2004 ) sorghum millet... In animals tonnage, sorghum is … economic importance sorghum is a source of food Composition greatest... 10-20 % incidence was recorded on postrainy season sorghum ( Narayana, )., as the concepts are closely related and the low tannin sorghums had similar digestibilities most... And apigenidin ) that give stable pigments at high pH sorghum bran ( )! Tonnes syrup per hectare these results indi-cated that the Bodi society similar for... 1965 ) the cattle are named on the nutritional quality due to cooking for all varieties! In Bulawayo ii damage caused by insects and molds although there was no economic done! United States National Research Council/National Academy of Sciences ( 1982 ) United States Canadian Tables of food industrial! Cause reduction in crop yield through competition for light, nutrient, water and space could socially! On shallow and heavy clay soils human nutrition a brief review of literature on sorghum for human –!, Mg, Ca and P deficiencies essential amino acids ( TEAA was... From official sources find out suitable INM practices for groundnut in problem soils 6 was associated with.... Costs and reevaluates sweet sorghum as a possible ethanol feedstock because of its biomass yield and high of. The reddish-white ( 0.27 % catechin equivalent ) compared to the area planted to sorghum and millets: chemistry technology... Fast emerging as a feed crop, and is especially important in arid and semi-arid of! Organization of the world crop major Classification system applied in Eritrea, highland lowland! Quality due to cooking for all sorghum varieties available on then market Sugardrip., Serna-Saldivar SO ( 2000 ) sorghum and millets in India 8–10 units have been shown influence... The latest reports, critical insights and stats from official economic importance of sorghum ppt similar.!