Speaking accuracy indicates “the extent to which the language produced conforms to target language norms” (Yuan & Ellis, 2003, p. 2), which involves the correct use of pronunciation, vocabulary and grammar. Keywords: speaking, accuracy, fluency, EFL undergraduates, meta-analysis The Journal of English Language Pedagogy and Practice Vol.10, No.21, pp.184-225, Fall & Winter 2017. TECHNIQUES TO DEVELOP FLUENCY AND ACCURACY IN SPEAKING SKILLS SUBMITTED TOO: SUBMITTED BY: ROLL NUMBER: COURSE: COURSE CODE: 5659 UNIVERSITY NAME: ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN UNIVERSITY DATE: ABSTRACT I was asked to conduct a little research that how a teacher can develop fluency and accuracy… A. Accuracy refers to the mechanics of the language. Fluency in a language means speaking easily, reasonably quickly and without having to stop and pause a lot. The raters assigned a general fluency score and phone accuracy score with additional detailed comments on pronunciation errors. The participants of the study were 43 female students who were purposefully selected from two schools at Al-Koura Directorate of Education (Jordan) in the first semester of the academic year 2018/2019. The rubric was constructed based on the theories in chapter two of this article, especially the theories from Kumar. Besides this, the paper also makes some suggestions – practical communication, preparing a framework keeping the demand in mind, encouraging error correction etc – to instill the speaking skills among the learners. On the other hand, Kumar asserts that the second one is supported by many EFL teachers. 31 Full PDFs related to this paper. In this context, to get command over the speaking skills, to acquire fluency and accuracy over the English language has become an essential qualification. Stern claims that the first approach has got negative review from the EFL teachers. Grades: 2 nd, 3 rd, 4 th, 5 th, 6 th. Heinemann, 1996 p. 50. The method behind this material allows the learner to quickly acquire a certain set of skills needed for successful communication in situation of stress in a job interview. Spontaneous speech was collected from 28 L2 speakers representing six language backgrounds and five different proficiency levels. This study examined the effect of pictorial cues on Iranian pre-intermediate EFL -intermediate EFL learners were selected out of 80 students in a private English Language Institute. These subcomponents of language performance have been of increased interest in second language development (SLD). But modern language learning techniques have shifted towards prioritising fluency over accuracy, which means putting your attention on just starting to speak the new words you are learning. Accuracy and Fluency JoAnn Miller, Editorial Macmillan 4 From Dave Willis, “Accuracy, fluency and conformity”, Challenge and Change in Language Teaching, J. Willis and D. Willis, ed. Since the main focus of this study is accuracy and fluency, the transcription of speaking module of IELTS test was employed to measure learners’ accuracy and fluency before and after the implementation of the instructional program to find the impact of PO on participants’ accuracy and fluency. This also results in their lack of natural and authentic English. Submitted to the Graduate Faculty of . Accuracy consists of using vocabulary, grammar and pronunciation through some activities, fluency take into account “the ability to keep going when speaking spontaneously” (Gower, Philips, & Walter, 1995). Thus, this research proposes an alternative to existing approaches. The recent international, economic, technological and cultural changes are primarily responsible for placing the English language on the highest pedestal. Focus On Fluency In Language Learning However, it will be shown that neither component is useful without the other. by . In a cognitive framework of SLD, … M. A., University of Pittsburgh, 2007 . On the other hand, fluency is the ability to communicate the language easily and smoothly. A knowledge of this global English naturally provides competitive advantage over others. Applications: This research can be used for universities, teachers, and students. B. Methodology: As code-switching exists at the tertiary level in Bangladesh and because of the tremendous fascination of Bangladeshi students towards Bengali, code-switching can be utilized as a tool to improve fluency in spoken English. A fluency assessment pdf for grade 1 and grade 2. To learn more, view our, The teaching of speaking in the EFL classes of Greek state junior high school. Skehan and Foster (1997) define writing complexity as, “Learners’ capacity to use more elaborate and complex target like language” (p. 230). In the classroom, when planning a speaking activity, consider whether you will be assessing your students on accuracy or fluency and stick to that decision. 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